ANALYSIS OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF BOARDING AND DAY STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS ISLAND)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
No country, regardless of its natural endowment, can thrive unless it prioritizes human capital development, which can be accomplished through a solid academic foundation geared toward secondary school performance. Nigerian culture places a high value on education, believing that it is the only way to achieve national growth. This, however, can only be achieved if students at the citadel of learning’s boarding and day schools actively participate in academic activities that will improve their academic performance. As a result, the country’s technological advancement will accelerate.
Education is regarded as a worthwhile investment for national development in many countries around the world. Education in Nigeria is a “par excellence” tool for achieving national development, and it is highly regarded because it is a system that is internationally recognized.
By combining the appropriate inputs, it is expected to provide qualitative and quantitative human resources, which are critical for any nation’s economic progress. The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN,2004). According to the above-mentioned new research, modern boarding schools serve a diverse body of motivated and well-rounded students who study and live in supportive, inclusive academic communities where they learn about independence, responsibility, and traditional values that help them achieve success in the classroom at higher rates than private and public day school students.
Because boarding schools have small class sizes, instructors can engage every student in the classroom, and the settings are often designed to encourage student engagement and eye contact among all students. construcción (2007) Children from remote and rural areas, as well as ethnic and linguistic minorities
Minorities may be exposed to new ways of life, routines, responsibilities, technology, instructors, and classmates from outside their community, which aids in their socialization and mainstreaming.
In boarding schools, which are self-contained communities, students and instructors eat together. They spend their free time watching TV and playing video games together. This is due to the fact that at a boarding school, instructors and staff serve as parents. They take on the role of parents both practically and symbolically. They play an important role in shaping and directing their charges while they are in school. Students are unable to escape the professors’ powerful influence because they are not permitted to leave the classroom at the end of the day. This is one of the primary reasons why many parents send their children to school.
Children are sent to boarding school.
While attending a boarding school, students may learn skills that will help them live in a larger community. Boarding allows students to help one another with their academics during and after school hours, to collaborate and respect one another’s habits and beliefs, and to improve social and communication skills through contact with other students and staff.
According to UNESCO (2010), boarding schools provide a centralized learning and living environment that can serve as an effective link between distant communities of origin and the larger community. Because reading is part of their education, the majority of boarding students read on a regular basis, and they occasionally use the library and library books. Those who have attended a boarding school
Because they are less reliant on their parents, students in school have greater independence, self-confidence, and responsibility.
Boarding schools provide structure and discipline because students are required to study according to a set schedule before and after school hours. Students learn to follow rules, complete tasks on time, go to bed on time, and wake up early. Day-school students and teachers exhibit less respect for regulations and are less accountable because they are more irregular and tardy in school, resulting in a lack of discipline and tardiness.
Overcrowding in dormitories at boarding schools can occasionally quadruple the number of students who were initially expected to be accommodated. Overcrowding in student hostels, as well as a lack of nutrition, a lack of water, and noise from class
Among the issues encountered by boarding students were issues with neighboring classrooms. Other problems include insufficient lighting, interruptions from classmates in the same or different classrooms, and interruptions caused by non-human activity such as insects. Despite these issues, the average boarding student enjoys superior living and learning conditions in comparison to the hardship and degradation experienced by many day students.
According to Kail, Robert, and John (2007), Academic Performance refers to the respondents’ Grade Point Average (GPA) at the end of the semester. It is the method used by the school to evaluate and assess how well students understand what they have been taught, as well as to demonstrate what they have learned through their academic performance throughout the term.
According to Urban and Daad (2007), day schools provide more than just education, such as food and clothing. However, in the case of boarding schools, this assistance is frequently more substantial (including housing). This ‘full assistance’ may persuade parents to send their children to school, despite the fact that boarding school is quite expensive and is only available to those whose parents or guardians can afford it. This assistance indirectly contributes to improved educational outcomes. It’s difficult to learn when you’re hungry.
Day-schools, on the other hand, are preferred by Ebenuwa- Okoh (2010) if there is the possibility of attending or establishing a school nearby. Distance to school is typically caused by a scarcity of schools caused by a lack of funding.
Day schools are less expensive, so more schools (nearer to home) may be built. A day school may provide an appropriate balance of home and school life. The child may attend school to study and develop social skills while also spending time at home with his or her family.
1.2 THE PROBLEM’S STATEMENT
Students’ academic performance is a critical factor in determining individual success. Many factors, both internal and external to the educational system, influence students’ academic performance. Being a day or boarding student is one of them.
In today’s highly competitive world, boarding or day school has become a yardstick for assessing students’ academic performance during the educational process. The
Educational stakeholders, such as governments, educationists, parents, principals, teachers, and guardians, make critical decisions in society, and researchers have recently discovered that certain factors are responsible for the academic performance of boarders and day students, prompting research on the analysis of boarding and day student academies.
This study aims to examine the academic performance of both boarding and day students in order to determine which has the best performance output.
1.3 THE STUDY’S OBJECTIVE
1. To determine whether academic performance is higher among boarders than day students in Lagos Island secondary schools.
2. To determine whether male boarding students outperform male day students in academic performance.
3. To determine whether female boarding students differ from female day students in any way.
1.4 HYPOTHESIS OF RESEARCH
In this study, the following null hypotheses will be tested:
HO1: There is no difference in academic performance between boarders and day students in Lagos Island secondary schools.
H02: There is no difference in academic performance between male boarding and male day students in Lagos Island secondary schools.
H03: There is no difference in academic performance between female boarding and female day students in Lagos Island secondary schools.
1.5 THE STUDY’S IMPORTANCE
The findings of this study will benefit educational stakeholders by raising awareness about the differences in academic performance between day and boarding students. The study’s findings will be useful to students who are deciding which type of school to attend.
to attend, whether boarding or day, especially those who have the option. This research will also assist parents in deciding whether to send their children to boarding or day school by providing information on the structures of both types of schools. It will also assist parents in determining which gender performs better in boarding school than in day school. It will also assist parents in deciding whether to send their male or female children to boarding school or day school.
1.6 STUDY OBJECTIVES
This study only included private schools on Lagos Island; public schools were not included.
1.7 THE STUDY’S LIMITATIONS
Insufficient funds prevented the researcher from conducting a thorough investigation.
1.8 TERM DEFINITION
A student who attends regular classes at a college or preparatory school but does not live on campus.
2. BOARDING STUDENT: A student who attends regular classes at a college or preparatory school and lives on campus or in a structure built specifically for the student.
3. ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: This is the assessment of student achievement in a variety of academic subjects.