As the terrorist attacks in New York, London, Madrid, Nigeria, and Mumbai revealed, when a country’s institutions collapse, warlords, terrorists, and other offenders acquire power and employ violence against civilians from other countries. Nigeria acts on its own initiative when a situation affects national security. The strategy to recovery, reconstruction, and future handover must, however, be sufficient and thorough in order for action to be effective. These initiatives demonstrate that stability and reconstruction are only feasible when organizations collaborate. The selected solution must comprise more than simply a single government’s (or a few nations’) preferences being imposed on a weak state in order to be effective.

When working with the host country to achieve mutual aims, it must consider a variety of foreign concerns. It should combine dispute resolution with legal governance, policy preparation, economic reconstruction, improved communication, educational change, and health measures to ensure total well-being. It would have to deal with differences in ethnicity, culture, and religion. Restoring peace and governance to countries on the edge of collapse would contribute significantly to global security and well-being. As a result, it would be well worth the effort to pursue a multinationally integrated complete-governance approach to nation-building.

2018 (Atiku Abubakar) Former Vice President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo, has stated that true federalism and reconstruction, as requested by Nigeria’s diverse ethnic groups, will resolve the issue of secession.


The expansion of the Nigerian economy has been veiled by cultural divisions based on ethnic differences and ethno-religious discontents. The northern and southern protectorates were amalgamated in 1914 as a result of British imperialism, resulting in the formation of the Nigerian State, which gained independence on October 1, 1960.

Many variables contribute to ethnic politics in Nigeria. The ethno-religious problems in Nigeria are the result of a variety of reasons, including racial marginalization, segregation, supremacy, and favoritism. Nigeria is affected by other ethnic politics-related elements, despite the long-running ethno-religious conflicts. Ethnic separatist movements, resource restriction, and state formation are all examples of this.

In 2012, Nnamdi Kanu created the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), a separatist group. The party wants Nigeria’s south-eastern states, which are dominated by the Igbo ethnic group, to separate from the country and form Biafra, an autonomous republic. To accomplish so, the party is calling for a referendum to end the Biafra crisis in a peaceful and inclusive manner. According to many Amnesty International reports, the Nigerian military has unleashed its wrath on the party, killing defenseless citizens, while their acts have mainly been nonviolent. On September 20, 2017, the Nigerian Federal Government was issued a temporary injunction barring the party and its operations by a Federal High Court in Abuja. The group has challenged this ruling in a Nigerian court of law. The party claims that marginalization is the bane of this agitation. All Nigerians, according to C. N. Ogbu, are aware of the condition of Ndigbo in the Nigerian Federation and their cry for unprecedented marginalization following the end of the civil war. No other ethnic group has a higher stake in the Nigerian dream than the Ndigbo, who live and spend tens of millions of dollars outside of Igboland. Nonetheless, they are victims at every turn: they often suffer threats to their lives and property, as well as blatant discrimination and marginalization in crucial areas of national significance. As a result, Igbo youths have demanded self-determination. He goes on to suggest that some of Nigeria’s grounds for marginalization are systemic, while others are administrative in nature.


To determine what is causing the IPOB community to be so agitated.

To find out if the indigenous IPOB has harmed Nigeria in any manner.

To find out if the original people of Biafra have been dissolved as a result of Nigeria’s reconstruction.


I. What was the impetus for the IPOB uprising?

Is it true that the IPOB has ever incited violence in Nigeria?


Is the IPOB still active or has it been disbanded?


Other academics, intellectuals, and students interested in conducting related research, as well as the government, will benefit from this study endeavor.


The study was conducted in Ikwerre, Port Harcourt, in response to the need to rebuild Nigeria.


Some of the work’s drawbacks include limited data availability, time constraints, cultural prejudice conflicts, and other personal issues.


IPOB stands for Indigenous People of Biafra, a Nigerian Biafran separatist movement. Its main purpose is to arrange a referendum on secession in Biafra, a former British territory in Nigeria’s south east.

AGITATION: Agitation is the act of shaking or churning anything to get it moving, usually in order to combine it. A euphoric or agitated state of mind

RESTRUCTURING: Restructuring is essentially a plea for the restoration of federalism, the United States Constitution’s founding framework.

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