1.1 Background To The Study

Conflict is defined as a disagreement between two or more people over an issue that is brought about by unexpected behavior, a shift in attitude, or a denial of right (Mogbo, 2002). Conflict between parents and teenagers may be the result of a chain reaction at this age. Parents’ use of force, excessive control, and denial of rights may result from a shift in the adolescent’s mindset as a result of the developmental period. When an adolescent’s needs are not met, he will fight with anyone or anything that comes his way.

A conflict is defined as a disagreement between two or more people that causes pain to all parties involved. The adolescent-parental conflict, as well as the developmental period, stress the teenager. He requires assistance and assistance, and because of his

Because his parents are unable to provide it due to a disagreement, the adolescent seeks advice from his peers. This is the foundation for maladjustment (Forehand et al, 2001), because it allows for the imitation of bad habits and life attitudes. If the adolescent’s maladjustment is not addressed appropriately, it can have a negative impact on his or her development.

When marital conflict disrupts the parent-child bond, children from conflicted households perform worse academically. The opposite is true when the parent-child bond is unaffected (Miliotis Sesma and Masten, 2007). This demonstrates the importance of a positive parent-child relationship in a child’s academic success. Parents become concerned and dissatisfied when their relationships with their children are strained. The extent of adolescent parental conflict and its consequences

The impact varies from individual to individual, family to family, and society to society.

In some cases, it is greater between fathers and sons, while in others, it is greater between mothers and daughters, and vice versa. Adolescent parental conflict is uncommon, brief, and mild in intensity in some families. Other families or groups, on the other hand, might benefit from the services of a therapist (Allison, 2000).

A communication barrier or inappropriate communication is another major source of conflict. When adolescents are not given reasons why they should or should not do something, they feel overburdened. In some cases, they become enraged and rebel against their parents. Anderson and Winex (2007; Winex and Anderson, 2007).

Academic performance (Scortt’s, 2012) refers to how well a student completes his or her coursework.

or her studies and activities. Grades are the most well-known indicator of academic success. Grades represent a student’s “score” for each class and throughout their academic career. Grades are typically computed by adding or averaging assignment and test results, and they can be influenced by factors such as attendance and the instructor’s evaluation of the student.

Grading scales vary greatly by county and school; popular scales include a percentage scale ranging from 1-100, lettering systems ranging from A-F, and grade point averages (GPA) of 0-4.0 or higher. According to Ward, Stocker, and Murray-Ward (2006), academic performance refers to the outcome of education, or the extent to which a student, instructor, or institution has met their educational objectives. Academic success is defined as the ability to

to learn and recall information, as well as the ability to communicate knowledge verbally or in writing (Answers, 2010).

Performance in this study refers to the extent to which students have mastered the goals of the disciplines to which they are exposed in school. Academic achievement in school courses, particularly math and English language, has been observed among secondary school students, according to (Aremu and Sokan 2003).

1.2 Problem Description

Adolescence is a challenging developmental stage in which the adolescent must face numerous challenges and ask numerous questions about himself, his changing surroundings, and his future career ( Amos, 2020). If he wants to have job satisfaction in the future, now is the time to work hard and choose a vocational path.

decision that is appropriate for his abilities and interests. More than ever, the child needs the protection of his or her parents and teachers. Most adults set a poor example by fighting in front of children, and in many cases, they may be the ones encouraging them to engage in conflict, completely unaware that it may have a negative impact on their educational sector, and all of these uncalled for actions are simply unnecessary. Finally, while numerous studies have been conducted to examine the impact of conflict on student academic performance, not a single study has been conducted to examine the impact of conflict on student performance in the WAEC civic education test in Jos, Plateau state.

1.3 Purposes And Goals

The study’s main goal is to determine the impact of conflict on students’ performance in the WAEC examination in civic education in Jos metropolis. Other specific study objectives include:

1. to ascertain the impact of conflict on students’ performance in the WAEC examination in civic education in Jos metropolis.

2. to ascertain the extent to which conflict influences students’ performance in the WAEC examination in civic education in Jos Metropolis.

3. to ascertain the impact of conflict on students’ performance in the WAEC examination.

4. to suggest potential solutions to problems.

1.4 Research Issues

1. What effect does conflict have on students’ performance in the WAEC examination in civic education in Jos metropolis?


What effect does conflict have on students’ performance in the WAEC examination in civic education in Jos Metropolis?

3. How does conflict affect students’ performance in the WAEC examination?

4. What are the potential solutions to the issues?

1.5 Importance Of Research

The study on the impact of conflict on students’ performance in WAEC civic education examinations will be extremely beneficial to the entire Jos metropolis of Plateau state in that it will enable the government to hire competent teachers to teach the students, as well as the school management to set up a committee to deal with conflict defaulters in the school. The research will also allow instructors to reflect on their own lives.

that they will be brave enough to present it as the best model for their students to emulate, because students look up to teachers for whatever kind of lifestyle they portray. Finally, the study will contribute to the body of current literature and expertise while also laying the groundwork for future research.

1.6 Field of Study

The study of the impact of conflict on student performance in civic education is limited to the WAEC examination in Jos, Plateau state.

1.7 Study Limitations

Financial constraint- Inadequate funding tends to impede the researcher’s efficiency in locating relevant materials, literature, or information, as well as in the data collection process (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will be involved in multiple activities at the same time.

This research should be combined with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

1.8 Terms Definition

A significant effect or influence.

Conflict: A form of friction or discord that arises within a group when one or more members’ beliefs or actions are either resisted or unacceptable to one or more members of another group.

The extent to which a student, teacher, or institution has met their short or long-term educational objectives is referred to as performance.

Students: A student is primarily a person who is enrolled in a school or other educational institution and who attends classes in a course to achieve the appropriate level of mastery of a subject under the supervision of an instructor and who

outside of class, devotes time to whatever activities the instructor assigns that are required for class preparation or to submit evidence of progress toward mastery.

A formal assessment of a person’s knowledge or proficiency in a subject or skill.

Civic education is self-government education in a democracy. Democratic self-government entails citizens actively participating in their own governance rather than passively accepting the dictums of others or acquiescing to their demands.


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