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HEALTH INDICES AND NIGERIA ECONOMIC GROWTH

ABSTRACT

This study looks at health metrics as well as Nigeria’s economic growth.

The researcher is particularly interested in the type of relationship that exists between health indices and economic growth, with health indices such as infant mortality rate and life expectancy at birth as examples. The researcher also uses the Gross Domestic Product to represent Nigeria’s economic progress.

According to a series of studies conducted in the health sector, infant mortality grew at an increasing rate from 1990 to 2000, but has since decreased.

From the year 2000 to 2008, life expectancy has been steadily decreasing, according to this research. These two health care variables demonstrate a negative link between GDP and health indices in Nigeria, according to this research study.

Finally, this research study reveals that in order for the healthcare system to be a major determinant of the country’s GDP (Nigeria), the government should play some critical roles at all levels, including adequately funding the health care sector, extending health problems to health economists rather than just health professionals and ministers, and including health economics training in national policies, among other things.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The ability to perform one’s tasks or functions is defined as one’s health. It aids in the development of what we are capable of achieving for society as a whole.

Inadequate health contributed directly to a reduction in productivity and loss of payment for individuals, with disastrous consequences for the dependent class. The basic diagnostic point that good health is an integral part of development has thus come to center stage in development thinking; this point is due to the fact that only healthy people can earn income, afford and seek medical care for themselves and their families, have better nutrition, and experience more opportunities (Dr. Lius G. Bambo 2006).

It is important to note that, in order to preserve our global environment and improve the quality of life in our human settlements, we must commit to sustainable production, consumption, transportation, and settlement development pollution prevention, respect for the Ecosystem’s carrying capacity, and the preservation of opportunities for future generations (U.N conference and human settlement ,HABIT ATII Istanbul, Turkey 1996).

In this regard, there has been an increasing push to investigate the link between health and economic growth, which was prompted by the World Health Organization’s (WHO) report on health (1999). Dr. Chris Mwrska (2005) discusses poverty reduction and long-term economic prosperity.

The World Health Organization (WHO) urges African governments and their partners to build national development plans based on this premise. Health indicators are an important component of economic development, particularly in developing nations. Changes in both quality of life (QOL) and life expectancy are combined in health indices (LIFEPEC). The three basic health sectors of the economy, secondary health care, primary health care, and tertiary health care, provide solutions to health indices such as quality of life and life expectancy, infant mortality rate (IMR), disability adjusted life expectancy (DALE), and material mortality rate (MMR) death indicators or health indi.ces of an economy. All of these sectors, through their functions, provide necessary measures to raise the nation’s labor force and, as a result, the country’s level of production. As a result, health indices in Nigeria must be evaluated as crucial elements in the country’s economic development.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The available resources are not always accurate, sufficient, or credible in addressing Nigeria’s most pressing public health issue. These materials are inaccurate and insufficient to make value judgments regarding Nigeria’s health problems. Demographic statistics such as census and health surveys, for example, are untrustworthy.

However, the United Nations estimates that Nigeria is home to roughly 20% of Africa’s population and that over 50% of African investment is concentrated in the country’s most populated country (Chinsmnan, 1998). Despite significant economic and social progress over the last thirty years, there is still much human suffering and setting a development agenda that meets the needs of its citizenry in a cost-effective and equitable manner. About 48.50% of the Nigerian population lives in absolute poverty (defined as earning less than S 1.00 per day), with about 80% of the poor residing in rural areas (UNDP 1998). Nigeria’s gross national product (GNP) has fallen from S1.00 in 1980 to S260 in 1995, putting it among the world’s 20 poorest countries (UNDP 1998). Nigeria had a quality of life index of 38 percent in 1980, according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the human development index (HDI) for 2000.

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