A study of FCT inhabitants was conducted on abortion legalization and its impact on juvenile sexual habits. Three research questions were created to do this. In this study, the survey design was used, as well as simple random sample procedures. Selected residents of the Federal Capital Territory make up the population. The researcher readily chose 266 inhabitants for the sample size, while 259 were returned and validated. Data was collected using a questionnaire that was self-created and validated. The standard deviation was used to assess the questionnaires that had been collected and validated. Criminalizing abortion infringes on women’s and girls’ fundamental human rights, encourages women to utilize unsafe abortion procedures, and raises the mortality and health consequences associated with unsafe abortions. In light of the findings, the study suggests that, while abortion is legal, it should be strictly regulated. Youths should also be educated on the dangers of abortion.




Human gestation is commonly referred to as pregnancy. It is the formation of one or more offspring in the uterus, known as an embryo or fetus (Truffers, 2003). In humans, pregnancy normally lasts about nine (9) months. During the first eight weeks after conception, the embryo is forming offspring, and the word fetus is used until the child is born. In many nations, medical or legal definitions of human pregnancy are divided into three trimester periods of three months each to make referring to the various stages of pre-natal development easier. The risk of miscarriage is highest in the first trimester (natural death of embryo or fetus). The fetus’ development can be influenced throughout the second trimester.

Abortion is defined as the removal of a developing child from the womb between one and seven months of pregnancy, or giving birth before the due date. Abortion is commonly referred to as a miscarriage of birth. Abortion should be regarded a life-saving option in cases where the mother is sick. However, due to societal changes and orientations, it is being practiced at will. It’s a circumstance in which life is being tempered to the point where it’s becoming too perilous and threatening to the mother’s life.

Abortion is also a method of removing a pregnancy from the womb, either by the use of drugs (medical abortion) or surgery (surgical abortion), in which the pregnancy is removed from the womb. There are two types of abortion: pill abortion and surgical abortion. After 9 to 24 weeks of pregnancy, a pill abortion is performed, which involves the administration of medications that force the womb to contract and push the pregnancy out. Also, after 22 weeks, the pregnancy is pushed out and an injection is administered to the womb. These injections are provided to maintain the uterus’s homeostatic equilibrium. However, a visit to the clinic for a checkup is also essential. Surgical abortion is defined as the dilatation and evacuation of the fetus between 15 and 24 weeks of pregnancy. During a surgical abortion, surgeons must remove the pregnancy with narrow forceps pushed through the womb’s neck. This is the form to use. Abortion is clearly on the rise, and it is now recognized as a social concern in so many ways that it destabilizes youngsters as valuable members of society. The girl is outright vilified by society, which eventually leads to her being a prostitute. The socio-cultural background of youngsters is another key cause of pregnancy and abortion. This is due to the girl-orientation child’s or beliefs, which exposed her to early hawking at the juvenile age of nine or 10 years. These inappropriate exposes expose her to the deception of irresponsible young boys and old men, who frequently undermine her innocence.  It is a well-known fact that the impact of pregnancy and abortion on young people is spreading throughout our communities, and it must be abolished or lessened. To put it another way, parents and instructors should mold their children into better adults to overcome this problem. In order to limit the incidence of undesired pregnancy, the government should introduce sex education in our secondary schools and postsecondary institutions,’ as well as necessary academic content.


In Nigeria, the average age of first sexual contact is decreasing while the average age of first marriage is rising. This indicates that, despite beginning sexual behaviors at a young age, youths marry later. Unplanned pregnancies have increased as a result of greater sexual behavior outside of marriage (Grunseit, 2007). Abortion has become a viable choice for numerous teens who become pregnant “outside of wedlock” as a result of social responses and stigmatization of unwed youth pregnancy. However, because induced abortion is illegal in numerous countries, young people frequently seek abortions in unsafe facilities and suffer the consequences of unsafe abortion, including death. Despite the immense toll of unsafe abortion’s effects, countries such as Nigeria continue to prohibit abortion, exposing adolescents to unsafe abortion and its consequences (Henshaw 1990). Several studies have looked at the policy aspect of legalizing abortion and the community’s view of it; this study intended to explore abortion legalization and its impact on young people’s sexual practices: a study of FCT inhabitants.


The primary goal of this research is to look into and analyze abortion legalization and its impact on young people’s sexual practices: a study of FCT inhabitants. The following are some of the study’s other goals:

To examine the reasons for and against abortion legalization.


The purpose of this study was to look at the views of female college students on abortion legalization.


To look at the impact of abortion legalization on young people’s sexual practices.


In this project, the following research issues will be addressed.

What are the reasons in favor of abortion legalization?


What is the attitude of female college students about abortion legalization?


What impact does abortion have on young people’s sexual practices?


The major goal of this study is to explore and analyze abortion legalization and its impact on young people’s sexual practices: a study of FCT inhabitants. The researcher will conduct this research in order to contribute and give recommendations to young people on the subject of abortion.

This study will also benefit society because the findings will reveal the dangers of abortion, the reasons for legalizing abortion, and the impact of abortion on youth sexual practices, encouraging parents and guardians to take actions and make decisions that will better educate their children about abortion and its dangers.

Finally, the findings of this study as a whole will be useful for future research.


The focus of this study will be on investigating and analyzing abortion legalization and its impact on young people’s sexual practices: a study of FCT inhabitants. Reviewing reasons for abortion legalization, assessing the perceptions of college female students on abortion legalization, and investigating the impact of abortion legalization on youth sexual habits will be among the topics covered.

For this study’s survey, selected citizens of the Federal Capital Territory will be enlisted as participants.


The scope of this research will be limited to investigating and analyzing the legalization of abortion and its impact on young people’s sexual practices: a study of FCT inhabitants. It will also be confined to assessing reasons for abortion legalization, examining college female students’ perspectives on abortion legalization, and investigating the impact of abortion legalization on youth sexual activities.

Selected inhabitants of the Federal Capital Territory will be enrolled as survey participants for this study, which will be a limitation because more research is required if the findings of this study are to be employed in other parts of Nigeria.


Abortion is the intentional termination of a human pregnancy, which is most commonly done within the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.

Legalization refers to the process of lifting a legal prohibition on something that is now illegal. Legalization is a process that is frequently applied to what are considered victimless crimes by those pushing towards legalization.

The term “impact” refers to a significant effect or influence.

Human sexual activity, also known as human sexual practice or human sexual behavior, refers to how people experience and express their sexuality. For a number of reasons, people engage in a variety of sexual actions, ranging from activities performed alone to acts performed with another person in varied patterns of frequency.

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