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ANALYSIS OF IPOB AGITATION AND THE NEED FOR NATIONAL RESTRUCTURING IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

As the terrorist attacks in New York, London, Madrid, Nigeria, and Mumbai revealed, when a country’s institutions collapse, warlords, terrorists, and other offenders acquire power and employ violence against civilians from other countries. Nigeria acts on its own initiative when a situation affects national security. The strategy to recovery, reconstruction, and future handover must, however, be sufficient and thorough in order for action to be effective. These initiatives demonstrate that stability and reconstruction are only feasible when organizations collaborate. The selected solution must comprise more than simply a single government’s (or a few nations’) preferences being imposed on a weak state in order to be effective. When working with the host country to achieve its goals, it must consider a number of foreign concerns.

It should combine dispute resolution with legal governance, policy preparation, economic reconstruction, improved communication, educational change, and health measures to ensure total well-being. It would have to deal with differences in ethnicity, culture, and religion. Restoring peace and governance to countries on the edge of collapse would contribute significantly to global security and well-being. As a result, it would be well worth the effort to pursue a multinationally integrated complete-governance approach to nation-building.

2018 (Atiku Abubakar) Former Vice President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo, has stated that true federalism and reconstruction, as requested by Nigeria’s diverse ethnic groups, will resolve the issue of secession.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The expansion of the Nigerian economy has been veiled by cultural divisions based on ethnic differences and ethno-religious discontents. The northern and southern protectorates were amalgamated in 1914 as a result of British imperialism, resulting in the formation of the Nigerian State, which gained independence on October 1, 1960.

Many variables contribute to ethnic politics in Nigeria. The ethno-religious problems in Nigeria are the result of a variety of reasons, including racial marginalization, segregation, supremacy, and favoritism. Nigeria is affected by other ethnic politics-related elements, despite the long-running ethno-religious conflicts. Ethnic separatist movements, resource restriction, and state formation are all examples of this.

In 2012, Nnamdi Kanu created the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), a separatist group. The party is vying for control of Nigeria’s south-eastern states, which are governed by the ruling party. On September 20, 2017, the Nigerian Federal Government issued an interim injunction blocking the party and its operations. The group has challenged this ruling in a Nigerian court of law. The ruling was viewed as an injustice to the people of Nigeria who are seeking self-liberation from the government’s political marginalization. During IPOB’s disputed proscription against Boko Haram, whose activities have been equated to those of terrorists, the group’s leader advised members to boycott the general elections in Anambra State as a show of solidarity for the Biafra cause. The party claims that marginalization is the bane of this agitation. All Nigerians, according to C. N. Ogbu, are aware of the condition of Ndigbo in the Nigerian Federation and their cry for unprecedented marginalization after the end of the civil war.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

To determine what is causing the IPOB community to be so agitated.

To find out if the indigenous IPOB has harmed Nigeria in any manner.

To find out if the original people of Biafra have been dissolved as a result of Nigeria’s reconstruction.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

I. What was the impetus for the IPOB uprising?

Is it true that the IPOB has ever incited violence in Nigeria?

 

Is the IPOB still active? III. Has the IPOB been disbanded?

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Other academics, intellectuals, and students interested in conducting related research, as well as the government, will benefit from this study endeavor.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study was conducted in Ikwerre, Port Harcourt, in response to the need to rebuild Nigeria.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Some of the work’s drawbacks include limited data access, a short time span, cultural prejudice conflicts, and other personal issues.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

IPOB stands for Indigenous People of Biafra, a Nigerian Biafran separatist movement. Its main purpose is to arrange a referendum on secession in Biafra, a former British territory in Nigeria’s south east.

AGITATION: Agitation is the act of shaking or churning anything to get it moving, usually in order to combine it. A euphoric or agitated state of mind

RESTRUCTURING: Restructuring is essentially a plea for the restoration of federalism, the United States Constitution’s founding framework.

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