The state of being “safe,” or being protected from harm or other undesirable outcomes, is known as safety. Controlling recognized dangers to attain an acceptable level of risk is sometimes referred to as safety (wikipedia 2021). However, due to the enormous outbreak and spread of a pandemic known as Covid 19 in 2019, the safety of human life has recently become a top priority and concern for the world’s governments.

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more serious disorders such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) (MERS). Originally, these viruses were passed from animals to humans.

Corona virus’s global influence has been thoroughly documented. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared this outbreak a pandemic. According to the World Health Organization, cases had been confirmed in over 203 nations, regions, or territories as of December 2020. (WHO, 2020).

The emergence of this virus in Nigeria prompted the implementation of various safety precautions across all sectors of the Nigerian economy, as the virus was designated as communicable and fatal by the World Health Organization.

Nigeria confirmed its first case on February 27 in Lagos State, where an Italian citizen working in Nigeria returned from Milan, Italy on February 25 through the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, fell ill on February 26 and was transferred to Lagos State.

In general, the goal of this study is to determine the level of covid-19 safety compliance in the healthcare industry. It will, for example,

Examine the various Covid-19 safety precautions that have been put in place.

To look into the various covid-19 safety measures that the healthcare industry must adhere to.

Determine the level of compliance with the Covid-19 safety standard in the health-care industry.


Covid 19 has been described as a lethal virus capable of claiming the lives of people all over the world. Compliance with the safety prevention measures, on the other hand, is the primary means of limiting the virus’s spread.

Since the first outbreak of the virus in Nigeria, the Nigerian government has prioritized prevention efforts among citizens, sectors of the economy, and businesses, including traders, market women, and men. However, most Nigerian markets are overcrowded, with both traders and consumers. As a result of the nature of these markets, traders’ compliance with preventive measures against Covid-19 has been shaky.


The main goal of this research is to look into the level of Covid-19 safety compliance among traders in Abuja’s Wuse Market. Other specific goals include the following:

To identify the various Covid-19 safety measures implemented by the Nigerian government.

To see if traders in Abuja’s Wuse Market adhere to the Covid-19 safety precautions.

To determine whether or not those traders follow the preventative measures.

Examine the extent to which government enforcement agencies carry out their supervisory tasks in ensuring that all Covid 19 preventive measures are followed to the letter by traders.


What are the various COVID-19 safety measures that the Nigerian government has implemented?

Do the traders in Abuja’s Wuse Market follow the Covid-19 safety precautions?

To what extent do traders follow the safety precautions?

To what extent do government enforcement agencies fulfill their supervisory obligations in ensuring that traders follow Covid 19 preventive measures to the letter?


This study would be of incalculable value to the federal and state governments since it will reveal the status of compliance among traders in Wuse Market Abuja, as well as the gaps created by enforcement agencies, resulting in irregular adherence to COVID 19 laws and prohibitions. And the recommendations will have a significant impact on how the limits are tightened. The general public, students, and scholars will benefit from this work as a source of information or academic material.


The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of Covid-19 safety compliance among traders in Wuse Market, Abuja.


Finance, time, and the lack of resources, as well as some traders in the Wuse market not having time to provide the researcher audience for interviews and filling out questionnaires, were the key restrictions to this study.


Government: The body of people who make up a political unit’s or organization’s governing authority: for example, the officials who make up a political unit’s governing body and make up the organization as an active agency.

Covid 19: Also known as coronavirus, this is a contagious respiratory disease produced by a novel coronavirus strain that causes illness in humans.

The act of obeying and observing what is authorized and legal is known as compliance.

Traders: A trader is a person who buys and sells financial assets in any financial market, whether for himself or for the benefit of another person or institution.

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