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DEPENDENCY AND SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA UNDERDEVELOPMENT: THE NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Since obtaining independence from colonial authority in the 1960s, Sub-Saharan Africa’s development record has been disappointing and inexcusable. We’ve become so accustomed to this evaluation that we forget that, at least in the first decade after independence, Africa grew faster than the rest of the world’s emerging regions. However, the continent was set back abruptly and unfortunately in the late 1970s, leading to stagnation and regression in the 1980s and 1990s. This is largely due to Africa’s involvement in the global economy, which is manifested in insufficient resource mobilization and capital formation, as well as the continent’s unequal trade connections. The concepts of reliance and underdevelopment are two words that go hand in hand in drawing our attention to the stagnant, dismal, and peripheral state of Africa’s sub-Saharan countries, particularly Nigeria. Among other sections of the continent, Sub-Saharan Africa is regarded as the lowest and most impoverished. In the international system, most international institutions consider Sub-Saharan Africa to be underdeveloped and poor, deeming the region unable or handicapped. The reason for this is because they send out the majority of loans to this part of Africa, causing Sub-Saharan Africa to become indebted to European countries.

STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM

Over time, the low development of African countries in general, and Sub-Saharan African countries in particular, has become a concern. This continent’s sub-Saharan African region’s poor economic, social, and political development could be attributed to these countries’ over-dependence on the West. The negative effects of overdependence have resulted in the region’s lack of progressive growth and development.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The study’s main goal is to look into the effects of dependency on development in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study’s other specific goals are as follows:

1. To investigate the main dependency issue in Sub-Saharan Africa.

2. To investigate the biggest underdeveloped areas in Sub-Saharan Africa.

3. Determine Nigeria’s present level of underdevelopment.

4. Determine Nigeria’s level of reliance on the Western world.

5. Make recommendations on strategies to improve development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1. What is the impact of dependency on developing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa?

2. What are the biggest dependency issues in Sub-Saharan Africa?

3. What are the main places in Sub-Saharan Africa that are underdeveloped?

4. What is Nigeria’s present level of underdevelopment?

5. What is Nigeria’s level of reliance on the Western world?

6. What are some ideas for enhancing development in Sub-Saharan Africa?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: Dependency has no bearing on progress in Sub-Saharan Africa.

H1: Dependency has an impact on development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Over time, the poor development of African countries in general, and Sub-Saharan African countries in particular, has become a problem. The continent’s sub-Saharan African region’s poor economic, social, and political development could be attributed to these countries’ over-dependence on the West. The negative effects of overdependence have resulted in the region’s lack of progress and development.

 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The research is limited to dependency and development in Sub-Saharan Africa, with Nigeria as a case study.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Financial constraints: A lack of funds impedes the researcher’s efficiency in locating relevant materials, literature, or information, as well as in the data collection procedure (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint: The researcher will be working on this subject while also doing other academic tasks. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

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