DESIGN OF AN EFFECTIVE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTRE

Brief Description of the Building Type

Primary Health Care (PHC) is motivated by a political philosophy that emphasizes a radical shift in the design and content of traditional health care services. It also advocates a health-care approach that allows people to receive health-care services that enable them to live socially and economically productive lives (Dennil et al. 1999: 2). The Alma-Ata Declaration of September 1978 defined PHC as essential care based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable health care methods and technology, made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at all stages of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination. It It is an essential component of both the country’s health system, of which it is the central function and main focus, and the community’s overall social and economic development. It is the first point of contact for individuals, families, and communities within the national health system, bringing health care as close to where people live and work as possible, and constitutes health care services (WHO 1998: 15). Furthermore, the Alma-Ata Declaration states that any Primary Health Care program should include at least the following components: education about current health problems and methods for preventing and controlling them; promotion of food supply and proper nutrition; an adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation; and maternal and child health care, including immunizations.

Family planning and high-risk group care; immunization against major infectious diseases; prevention and control of locally endemic diseases; appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries; and provision of essential drugs, including vaccines.

The Primary Health Care Centre is the cornerstone of rural health services, serving as the first point of contact for the sick and those who directly report or are referred from Sub-Centres for curative, preventive, and promotive health care (India, 2002). The Primary Health Care Centre is a basic health unit that provides integrated curative and preventive health care to the rural population as close to the people as possible, with an emphasis on preventive and promotive aspects of health care.

We are

During a period of significant change, more care is being provided at the primary level rather than in hospitals.

1.2.0 Client Background Information

The Customer/User

As part of the current administration’s “change” campaign in the state of Osun, the Obokun Local Government of the state has proposed an efficient Primary Health Care Centre for the benefit of the people in Obokun Local Government Area, as the current Centres in the area are inadequate in terms of the quality of the services they render/offer.

Obokun Local Government Area’s History

Obokun is a Local Government Area in the Nigerian state of Osun. Its headquarters are located at 7047’00″N 4043’00’E / 7.783330N 4.716670E in the town of Ibokun. Other Obokun Local towns

Imesi-Ile, Otan-Ile, Esa-Oke, Ilase, Iponda, Ikinyinwa, Idominasi, and Ora are among the government areas.

The Project’s Location

The proposed location for the Primary Health Care Centre is Iponda town in Obokun local government area, Osun state, Nigeria, Africa. Its coordinates are 7o 44′ 0″ North and 4o 43′ 0″ East. Obokun local government has a total land area of 527km2 (203sq mi) and a population of 116,511 (according to the 2006 census).

 

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