The goal of this chapter will be to establish the essence of the discussion between direct and indirect realism, starting with John Locke, who laid the groundwork for the debate. Because of his argument that objects of experience cannot be immediately observed, Locke began to occupy a position known as ‘indirect realism’ in his empiricism. But first, an attempt will be made to explain the nature of the realists’ argument in comparison to the anti-realists’ position in epistemology. With our major point, we’ll return to the age of the British empiricists.

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