The study looks at the operational traffic characteristics of the rail service between Kano and Nguru in northern Nigeria. Even when train service along the main railway corridors was curtailed due to an industrial crisis the Nigerian Railway Corporation faced between 2005 and 2010, the Kano-Nguru train service continued to run. Both primary and secondary sources were used to gather the data. In order to get their perspective on how the trains are operated, the primary data concentrated on the train riders and railroad employees in the study area. A sample size of 172 was used, representing the total number of questionnaires that were distributed for the study, and passengers were carefully chosen. The descriptive method of data analysis was used in the study. The results of this study show that 89% of passengers thought the train transportation fare was reasonably priced, and that traders made up 68.6% of the train passengers. The study also shows that the majority of passengers concurred that the train always arrived on time for departure. According to the research, trips occurred most frequently in 2007 (18.5% of all trips between 2007 and 2013), while trips occurred least frequently in 2010 (10.3% of all trips between 2007 and 2013). The research also shows that 4086 metric tons of freight were transported in total between 2007 and 2013. Similar to how 26,496 passengers were transported during the investigation period, 4,644 cows were hauled. Generally speaking, the facilities at railway terminals need to be upgraded and to draw more passengers and bring in more money for the Nigerian government, inside the train.



In contrast to road transport, where vehicles only run on a prepared surface, rail transport involves the transportation of people and goods via wheeled vehicles that travel along rail tracks. The tracks that they travel on serve as additional direction indicators for rail coaches (Wolmar, 2009). Steel rails installed on sleepers typically make up a track on which rolling stock—typically equipped with metal wheels—moves. But there are other alternatives as well, like slab track, where the rails are attached to a concrete foundation sitting on a prepared subsurface (Skempton, 2002).

A connected group of rail vehicles that travel along a track that has been specially built, according to American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association (AREMA) (2003), constitutes a train. an engine for

A separate locomotive or individual motors in self-propelled multiple units provide the train. Although non-revenue cars are available for the railroad’s own use, such as track maintenance, the majority of trains carry a revenue load. The locomotive or other power cars are driven by the engine driver.

The Corinthisthmus in Greece was crossed by boats using a 6-kilometer (3.7-mile) long Diolkos wagon way that dates back to the sixth century BC. The track element was grooves in limestone, which were traversed by trucks pulled by slaves. The Diolkos operated for more than 600 years (Lewis, 2009). Following the Middle Ages, railroads started to reappear in Europe. A stained-glass window in the Cathedral of Milan is the earliest known example of a railway in Europe from this time period.

Germany’s Freiburg im Breisgau, which dates to around 1350 (Hylton, 2007).

Undoubtedly, the sectoral advancement and overall economic expansion of any economy depend greatly on the viability of the railway system. It expands regions, hinterlands, and rural areas by promoting agricultural development and cottage/large-scale industry growth. Around its corridor, it also draws residential, commercial, educational, and recreational settlements and developments. In this context, it is believed that building an integrated national transportation system should center on the rail transport mode, with other modes serving as complements.


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