chapter One



1.1 Research background

According to Okoh (2004), Nigeria has the largest university system in sub-Saharan Africa with 114 accredited universities. In more than 50% of these institutions he has over 20,000 students each. Universities in Nigeria have seen a significant increase in student enrollment over the last few decades. However, the increase in student numbers has not matched the increase in student housing, and available housing is not managed properly. Data from the National Commission for Universities shows that the provision of student housing is less than 30% of demand. Most of the students live in private rented apartments.

Most of Nigeria’s ‘first generation’ universities have stopped funding student housing. Although the quality of accommodation varies widely, many of the new universities have followed the path of private sector involvement. Student enrollment at the university is growing at an average rate of 12% per year, and the availability of new student-only accommodation is limited. This alone creates opportunities for student housing development in many Nigerian cities. Akpan (2000) suggests that developers can work with universities to build, operate and arrange the relocation of new housing. There is also an opportunity to better manage existing accommodations. “While the majority of institutions may be reluctant to relinquish control, the deteriorating condition of the majority of university-owned housing means these assets need to be managed in other ways. “The developer is innovative in its design approach, providing functional accommodation that considers the basic needs of students, laundry, internet service, relatively stable power supply, Additional facilities and services should be provided, such as water supply, shuttle services, etc. The university community should be at the forefront of sustainability issues and this should be reflected in development and management (FRN, 2008 ).

Okoh (2004) adds that the availability, quality and cost of student accommodation provided will be important factors for universities to attract outstanding students in the future. Rising numbers of university students in several Nigerian cities have created severe accommodation problems, and campus hostels are unable to keep up with demand. Setting up private hostels off-campus was initially seen as a solution, but landlords are capitalizing on the high demand by raising rents, leaving students reeling from the financial burden. They asked the government for help.

The number of students in the university is steadily increasing, most of them expanding their teaching, administration and research infrastructure. However, no effort was made to provide more accommodation for students and staff. This is said to be a deliberate resource allocation policy in which regional and national higher education institutions have no interest in allocating funding for accommodation (Akpan, 1998).

Many colleges have large areas where student dormitories can be built. However, private sector figures from the university governing body are said to have discouraged government investment in building campus housing. Critics say owners of homes and land near the campus have suggested to university authorities to build cheap and affordable housing for students. According to credible sources, some university officials took bank loans to build dormitories operated by holding companies, often owned by relatives. “The reasons for this strange policy are not far-fetched. Members of the real estate class who invested in the construction of these hostels understandably hope that their investment will generate dividends,” Akpan (1998). explains.

These days, students have a tough time with hostel owners who are said to be unhesitatingly obsessed with maximizing profits.

1.2 Problem Description


Research on the management of student accommodation in Nigerian universities has recently come into the spotlight as the number of students in higher education institutions is steadily increasing, creating a need for expanded infrastructure, including accommodation. However, no effort was made to provide more accommodation for students and staff.
This study aims to determine whether this situation is an intentional resource allocation policy. Higher education institutions, at local and national levels, are uninterested in allocating funds to meet the enormous challenges faced by students because of this poor face. scenario. The development of off-campus dormitories is the result of poor management of the school’s own dormitories. This development has not eliminated the administrative challenges associated with student housing. However, the researchers provide analysis on issues and prospects for student housing management in Nigeria.
1.3 Purpose of the survey

The purpose of this research is to:

1. I am researching the problem of undergraduate housing management in Nigerian universities.

2. Researching prospects for undergraduate housing management in Nigerian universities. 3. Find ways to solve administrative challenges in university accommodation in Nigeria.

1.4 Research question

1. What are the issues in managing student housing in Nigerian universities?

2. What are the prospects for college student housing management in Nigeria?

3. How are administrative challenges reduced in college dormitories in Nigeria?

1.6 Importance of research

The significance of this research is as follows.

1. The results of this study are intended to educate the public about the situation of dormitory accommodation in Nigerian universities considering the issues and perspectives. 2. This research activity also serves as a resource base for other academics and researchers interested in further research in this area. If applied, it helps to some extent to provide a new explanation for this subject.

1.7 Scope/Limitations of Investigation

This study uses Uyo University student housing as a case study to provide an overview of the issues and perspectives of student housing management in Nigeria.

Research limitations

Financial Constraints – Insufficient financial resources tend to prevent researchers from obtaining relevant materials, literature, or information and efficiently conducting data collection (internet, questionnaires, and interviews).

Time Constraints – Researchers will be engaged in this study and other academic studies simultaneously. As a result, less time is spent on research work.

1.8 Definition of terms

A room, group of rooms, or building in which someone lives or stays.

A facility dedicated to a specific group of people. B. Students, Employees, Cheap Accommodation and Meals.

The process of handling and controlling things or people.


Akpan, GE (1998). The effect of student aid on student performance. Journal of Economic and Social Studies of Nigeria. 40 (2). 285, 293.

Akpan, Pennsylvania (2000). Housing conditions and environmental quality in Ikot Ekpene, Nigeria. Journal of African Socio-Political Science. 1(1). 1-7

Federal Republic of Nigeria (1998). National Education Policy. Lagos:
NERDC Press.

Oko, J.D. (2004). Sustainable higher education funding:
Cross-country analysis. Colloquium. 1(1). 7-10, 15-16.

Ubon, B. (2001). Student personnel management in school:
A new focus within UBE. Ahmadu Bello University Journal of Education, Legal and Management Studies. 1 (2). 13


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