The government’s and civilization’s growing desire to improve the maintenance of law and order and to engage in crime prevention has resulted in a search for data on all aspects of crime. This will allow the government to determine whether crime is rising or falling.

In the ordinary sense, a crime is an act or offence that is punishable by law. Crime is defined as any act that disrupts a society. Examples of crimes include robbery, kidnapping, rape, and theft.

As a result, anyone who violates the law should be arrested, tried, and immediately sentenced to time in prison if found guilty. Criminals are supposed to be reformed and taught to follow the rules in prison.

and regulation set down or order to govern society properly.

Despite security agencies’ efforts to reduce crime in our society, the rate of crime is increasing at an alarming rate. This is a common practice in society, particularly among young people. Many steps have been taken to eliminate this abnormal behavior from our society, but the situation remains the same as criminal cases occur on a daily basis.

A prison is a facility where people who have been convicted by a court of law are housed while they await trial. It is a structure built by the government to house anyone who violates the law.


There are numerous classifications of crime.

There are numerous factors that contribute to crime. Criminologists have identified psychological, sociological, and heredity causes of crime in their research. While prison officers view crime as a human reaction to his environment, some crimes are caused by the following factors:

1. Economic: This is a good cause.

However, some of them are:

1. Crime against people: This includes rape, kidnapping, murder (homicide), robbery, and other serious offenses.

2. Property crime: Automobile theft, fraud, forgery, vandalism, and robbery. In most cases, these crimes may be punished more severely than crimes against people.

3. Disorderly conduct, gambling, prostitution, public drunkenness, and other crimes against public and moral order

These offenses typically carry harsher penalties.
In our country, Nigeria, there is crime. Without work, many people roam the streets, and as a result, the devil offers them work in crime, particularly property crime.

Because of the frustration caused by the transition from rural to urban areas, as well as the resulting poverty, destitution, and lack of the most basic necessities of life, young people have turned to crime, which appears to be profitable.

3. Political Activities: Political campaigns and elections in Nigeria are unfortunately atrocious due to the masses’ political immaturity. Murder, looting, corruption, and rioting, among other things, were among the factors that encouraged criminal activity in our society.

In most cases, law enforcement agencies are powerless to intervene, particularly when wealthy or influential politicians are involved, or when the political party in power is involved. Also involved in this are embezzlement of public funds through contracts, nepotism, and corruption in distribution.

of public offices and privileges. These are well-known crimes.


1. Retribution: This refers to harsh punishment for any wrongdoing. This objective, without a doubt, governs the minds of the Nigerian courts and the general public. When one is being sentenced to prison, section 4(1) of prison Decree 1972 (decree 9) stated that “subject to this section, the effect of sentence of imprisonment is with hard labour passed upon a prison shall be that the prisoner shall be imprisoned for the period of the sentence and during his imprisonment shall work at such labour as may be directed by the superintendant”. As a result, the puncture aspect was emphasized by this law.

2. Deterrence: This can also be interpreted as a consequence or punishment imposed by the government.

The controller general of prison oversees prison operations in a specific division.

4. Prison camp: A facility where prisoners can learn skills such as carpentry, tailoring, bricklaying, music, and so on.


The Nigeria Police Force was founded in 1861. The consul complained at the time that he had numerous duties in addition to those entrusted to him by the police, and permission was sought from the British consular guard of 30 men in 1861. This was named after John Becroft, the British government’s representative. Because of the enlistment of some captured runaway slaves at Jebba by this small guard, it was renamed “Hausa Police” and expanded to 600 men two years later, in 1863.

Worer R. N. expanded the Hausa Police in 1879 by recruiting more men, primarily from the Hausa, and renamed it the Hausa constabulary. It had 1200 officers at the time and was led by an Inspector-General of Police. Duty was primarily military in nature. Although the men were expected to perform some civil duties, one of these military duties was the provision of an Arochukwu detachment of 8 officers and 251 men.

The Lagos Police Force, like the Hansa constabulary, was established on January 1, 1896. The arm was like this. It had a commissioner, two Assistant Commissioners, a superintendent, a quartermaster, and 250 other ranks. This force was primarily responsible for the Lagos area, whereas the constabulary was responsible for the north.

In 1898, a detective department was formed with one superintendent and 14 other ranks; from this grew our current Criminal Investigation Department (CID).

On October 1, 1963, Nigeria became a federal republic. As enacted in the Republican Constitution, the force was still administered on a federal basis. The Divisional Police Station in Kuje Area, as it is known, was established on August 15, 1985, and the majority of its functions are to take charge of criminal offenses.

However, some of the criminal offenses recorded in Kuje Divisional Police Station between 1999 and 2007 include house breaking, theft, armed robbery, bribery and corruption, rape, and so on.


Criminal statistics data is the collection of information from a specific geographic area.

a time period, for example, daily, weekly, yearly, etc. It is significant in that the data used in this project is criminal data collected from the Kuje Police Headquarters on criminal offenses recorded between 1999 and 2007.


The overall goal of this study is to estimate crime rates and use them to forecast future conditions.

1. To develop a model for calculating crime rates.

2. To determine whether the data can be used for the analysis, test the model’s normality (using a normal probability plot).

3. To forecast future criminal cases using a time series model.


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