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THE EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT POLICY ON HOUSING PROBLEM IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE MINISTRY ).THE EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT POLICY ON HOUSING PROBLEM IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE MINISTRY ).

ABSTRACT

The research is limited to the town of Ibafo in the state of Ogun, where development is underway. Ogun state is the next port of development due to its proximity to Lagos, which is already overloaded and overcrowded with an estimated population of 15.5 million people (Oni, 2010). According to Ibem and Aduwo, official statistics reveal that Ogun State’s housing supply gap is over 240,000 units, with an annual growth of 7,500 units predicted (Ogun State Ministry of Housing, 2008). (2012).

It also concentrates on Moladi building technology, which was canvassed by the Developer in the capacity of Messrs Tope Ojo and Tunde Olonisakin Estate Surveyors and Valuers for the Wemabod Estate Ibafo. The entire construction process

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Housing is a word that is used in various cultures, but it is frequently misinterpreted, particularly in terms of its technical definition or meaning. As a result, housing is seen not only as a shelter with its supporting infrastructures, but also as a more holistic and participatory activity. Human settlements are shaped through a complex system of interactions between institutions and residents known as housing. Housing entails more than just four walls and a roof; it also involves supporting infrastructure such as water, electricity, roads, shopping centers, recreational facilities, and a pleasant and conducive environment. The housing sector also includes organizations such as housing corporations, mortgage banking institutions, developers, real estate agents, buyers, and sellers. Housing has an impact on everyone in any society, especially the homeless and the poor. All social services and utilities that make life meaningful and the environment habitable are included in housing. The issues affecting the availability of affordable housing in Nigeria are vast and complex. These issues in most of Nigeria’s big centres include the availability of housing units, both in terms of quality and quantity, which has resulted in overcrowding in houses and communities, and the resulting pressure on infrastructural amenities, which is fast deteriorating. The issue is considerably worse in rural areas, where housing is of poor quality and in short supply. Infrastructure such as power, roads, water, drainage, and other housing components are all readily available.

In Nigeria today, over 7 out of 10 people live in poverty, and 9 out of 10 are in the low-income group; as a result, these people are unable to provide accommodation for themselves, and are either homeless or live in substandard housing. The government had a number of regulations in place addressing public housing distribution, but inadequate implementation made it impossible to reach the 12-14 million housing units required ( Balogun, 2007 ).

Housing policy is a written document that usually consists of particular objectives, methods, and programs aimed at resolving housing issues or satisfying a country’s growing housing needs and demands. Housing policy should include the government’s viewpoints, policy objectives, tactics, and initiatives, all of which are targeted at resolving the housing crisis.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Even in urban regions, the majority of people are living in substandard housing or are completely homeless, not to mention rural areas. Despite all government plans to offer housing to the public, housing in Nigeria is generally inadequate and of very low quality and quantity.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The overall goal of this research is to illustrate the impact of government policies on Nigeria’s housing crisis. The study’s particular goals are as follows:

i. investigate the impact of government policy on the provision of long-term housing in Nigeria.

ii. Identify issues that are impeding the delivery of homes in Nigeria.

iii. investigate the impact of Nigeria’s growing population on long-term housing provision.

iii. assess the importance of high-quality housing delivery on people’s living standards.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions have been generated based on the study’s stated objectives:

i. What impact do government policies have on the provision of long-term housing in Nigeria?

 

ii. What are the issues that are impeding the delivery of housing in Nigeria?

 

iii. How does Nigeria’s growing population affect the availability of affordable housing?

 

iv. How significant is high-quality housing delivery to people’s living standards?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

1. Hello: Government policies have an impact on the delivery of long-term housing.

H0: Government actions in Nigeria have no impact on the provision of long-term housing.

2. Hello, in Nigeria, population growth has an impact on housing delivery.

H0: In Nigeria, population growth has little effect on the availability of affordable housing.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

With the enormous impact that good housing delivery has made to Nigeria’s standard of living. There hasn’t been much research on the impact of government policy on Nigeria’s housing crisis, thus this study aims to fill that void.

This research is likely to benefit the government, educational institutions, housing development companies, and the general population.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The focus of the research is on the impact of government policies on Nigeria’s housing crisis. As a result, the research is limited to Lagos State.

Limitations of the Research

Constraints are to be expected in a study like this, especially in this part of the world where research awareness is still developing. Constraints specific to this study include a scarcity of good materials. Even when the resources are available, they are commercialized, costly, and difficult to obtain. Time was a major barrier in doing such a difficult study, and money was also an issue.

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS

House: A house is a structure designed to house people, usually for one family or a family with lodgers. A home is a construction or structural edifice that consists of walls with foundations, floors, and roofs, among other things.

Human settlements are shaped through a complex system of interactions between institutions and residents known as housing.

Housing policy is a written document that usually consists of particular objectives, methods, and programs aimed at resolving housing problems or satisfying a country’s growing housing needs and demands.

Housing Market: This is a market in which housing goods and services are sold and bought because they are in high demand.

Housing Quality: This refers to the status, nature, or standard of housing.

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