The Effect Of Health And Safety On Employee’s Productivity




The title on this exploration work is “ the effect of health and safety on hand’s productivity using Cadbury Nigeria Plc as a case study. The main end is to make exploration if indeed health and safety measures can be regarded as a major contributor to the growth and development of any association. The exploration work is also serves as a means to identify the variables that are controllable by operation which to certain degree have a direct impact on the performance.


The sources of data collection was both primary and secondary with the operation of questionnaires as an instrument to gather the necessary data. The questionnaires were duly completed after being administered and this was a base by which the primary data were collected. Handbooks, journals, papers, law reports, journals publications, were collected as secondary data, and also limitations to the study were indicated.


The thesis was tested using ki-square test( X2) and the result were analogous to those of the responses drawn from the questionnaires.


The experimenter was suitable to discover that in Cadbury Nigeria Plc, workers are regarded as a major contributor to the growth and development of any association, and as similar, it’s necessary that health measures should be put in place they aren’t independent of organizational productivity.


Moreso, it can be seen that workers health and safety has a large effect on organizational productivity. As a result of this, it’s of great significance and necessity that every association should produce acceptable health and safety measures in order to cover workers.


Chapter One




The Background Of The Study


Health and safety is an important aspect of any association taking acceptable attention. “ The practise of occupational health enjoyed a boost after the alternate world war, when utmost European countries embarked on an industrialization drive and in the process were brazened with the ills of diligence ”( Clarke, 2004).


Since also, colorful discipline embodied in occupational drug, nursing, hygiene, and safety have evolved to colorful extent in different countries. Other discipline with strong links to occupational health including occupational health and occupational aspects of ergonomics, psychology, toxicology, and more lately artificial relation, have evolved alongside and are now accepted as disciplines nearly related to occupational health and safety.


The major ideal of every organisation is maximising profit at the minimal cost and one of the ways in which this can be achieved, is by adding productivity. Every organisation has an obligation to use duly the factors of product in order to acquire organisation productivity and growth.


Among the colorful factors of product, labour has been noted the most unique.


This is because, it has a mind to suppose, to repel and thus to take conduct which may be in favour of the association, and as such the organisation has a great part to play in icing that the labour force is duly provisioned for.


Accidents in organisation are ineluctable circumstance. Some of these are fatal, and could affect into temporary or endless disability. The cost these accidents is of great detriment to the organisation. thus, when an association takes time and trouble in looking into health hazards and accident in its terrain, it could affect in hand job satisfaction, and a satisfied hand is a productive hand.


In numerous diligence, the significance of hand’s health is played down. This is frequently illustrated by the delegation of hand’s safety and health as an fresh responsibility to cover burdened professionals specialised in other discipline rather creating full time position for hand’s safety and health specialist( Clark 2004). At other times, workers and workers union frequently don’t appreciate the extent that could arise from poor workers safety and health conditions and thus spend their powers fighting for remuneration investing much lower trouble into work and bettered occupation. In the same tone, diligence have veritably little in supporting workers health and safety services and exploration.


To have a lesser knowledge on hand’s health and safety, it would be needed to distinguish between the two parties


Safety is substantially concerned with the forestallment aspect of conditions or accident, the end being to insure that any accident or conditions doesn’t do due to ignorance or incapability of the employers or workers to avert similar circumstances.


While workers health on the other hand, ensures that the outbreak of any conditions circumstance is elided and adequately handled “ this is what influences associations in embarking on safety and health programme for their workers through operations of medical schemes ”.( Hienneman 1983)


“ The price of not paying attention to workers health is pernicious, the accident, conditions, lost work time, death etc have multiplying goods on the fortunes of the association ”( Esuyi 2002). Particularly, the gross is born by the workers as his/ her productivity begins to reduce. It’s therefore the end of this exploration to navigate into the depth of hand’s health and safety and to determine its impact on workers ’ productivity.


This study focuses on “ hand’s health workers ’ productivity ” productivity can simply be defined as the relationship between the affair generated and by a product or service system and the input handed to produce this affair. Artificial accident and conditions lead to loss of working days, which could mean drop in productivity.


Health and safety of workers is thus an important issue which if studied precisely and completely, could be of great benefit to the organisation as well as the nation at large. therefore, the enhancement of health and safety measures could yield the stylish result in terms of productivity and general development of the nation.


Statement Of Problem.


A popular sententia live that will be delicate to refute, “ HEALTH IS WEALTH ”. In the light of their sententia, it’s believed that the good health of workers will always results to bettered workers productivity.


It’s in this environment that the intention then would be to find out how health and safety operation operates its significance and its factual practise in organisation using WAPCO PLC. The factual problem lies between the stated significance and the factual practice of health and safety. The problem of shy hand’s health and safety measures in organisation is an issue which has been in assiduity for long. trouble has been made in both developed and developing countries to check down this problem, by constantly bringing out act and laws to cover the workers from physical, internal and cerebral health hazards in the association.


The developed countries have sort colorful ways of reducing this problem because they’re apprehensive of the cost, the developing countries till moment are still fighting this problem. This issue of workers ’ health and safety is a problem because, health and safety hazard are real and implicit peril which can beget accident or ill health at work, and can directly or laterally affect the workers, family, association, and the nation. This may be hidden as noise, dust, chemical poisoning, or can be caused by natural factor similar as climate. All these hazards, in which ever form it comes have serious counteraccusations on health and safety of workers and the actuality of this problem could be of great detriment to the community and nation at large. For this reason, result of this problem would without mistrustfulness lead to result of numerous other problems. This can be done through a combined approach by employer, the government, and the workers whose overall trouble can make major enhancement towards making our work places healthy and safe.


Purpose Of Study


workers health and safety and its effect on productivity, has come a wide spread issue and is of consummate significance now further than ever. It’s essential to promote good health and safety practices, and insure the acceptable provision of safety bias. This exploration work is aimed at examining health and safety hand in WAPCOPLC.


thus, these are the specific objects following


1. To examine the colorful factors that may affect/ influence hand health and safety hazard in the plant.


2. To examine and identify some contemporary health and safety hazard in the plant.


3. To understand some vital development in hand health and safety council.


4. To estimate instrument used by WAPCO PLC to reduce stress related injuries, conditions and death.


5. To determine, if WAPCO PLC have a safe and healthy working conditions.


Exploration Questions


In order to make valid the purpose of this exploration, the following questions would be addressed


1. Does hand health affect the organisation productivity


2. Does the provision of acceptable safety material influence the forestallment of occupational hazards?


3. Does the productivity of medical installations in WAPCO PLC have affect the productivity of a worker?


4. Does safety and forestallment of occupation hazard reduce the number of accident that occurs?


5. Does acceptable safety measures a criterion for the reduction of accident in a work place?


6. Is the provision of hand’s installations necessary for the creation of an association life time?


7. Does the good working condition act as motivating factors to the workers?


Exploration Thesis


1. H1 workers health measures aren’t independent of organizational productivity?


2. H2 Safety measures can not be used singly as a criterion for reduction of accident in work terrain?.


3. H3 Medical installations in WAPCO PLC don’t ameliorate workers productivity?


4. H4 A safety terrain isn’t independent of hand’s provocation?


Defense Of The Study


The exploration would be great significance to WAPCO NIGERIA PLC as an association and the nation at large, in order to ameliorate their hand’s health and safety norms and as similar reduce their cost. Also recommendation would be made on ways in which the employers, government, trade union could concertedly make trouble to promote health and safety in WAPCO NIGERIA PPLC thereby acting as a catalyst to impact other diligence and generally perfecting the whole nation if this exploration is successfully carried out.




The study would further help in showing how the colorful acts legislated are useful and should beimplemented.However, it could be significance to the nation as well, If the study is accepted and appreciated.


Compass Of The Study


The experimenter intends concentrating this exploration on the commercial conditioning of WAPCO NIGERIA PLC as regards the occupational health and safety measures put in place to insure workers job satisfaction and organizational productivity, thereby maintaining the lead in the promoting of health and safety of workers in Nigeria.


Exploration Methodology


The nature of this exploration study necessitates the use of both primary and secondary data. A outside of 60 questionnaires shall be administered to both top and inferior workers in WAPCO PLC and( Placeholder) primary data grounded on these questionnaire reports, diurnals, magazines and numerous other publications shall be used for the collection of the alternate data.


The interpretation of these collected data shall be done by espousing the simple chance styles, tables, graphs and maps shall be drawn and the ki-square system shall be used in the final analysis of data with the aid of the statistical package for social lores( SPSS).


The check system would be used to carry out exploration on this design. This system has been chosen because maturity of reporters would be named from educated and presumably knowledgeable people in the field of occupational health and safety.


Description Of Terms

i. ACCIDENT A unforeseen and unanticipated event that beget injury or damage. Also means any unplanned and controlled event which results in damage whether through injury or complaint to an hand, factory and outfit.


ii. Hand Anyone who works for stipend or hires in the service of an employer.


iii. HAZARDS Is a source of threat that could affect in damage or loss.


iv. HEALTH A state of being hale, sound or whole in body, mind and soul, that’s from physical conditions or pain.


JOB SATISFACTION Is the feeling of pleasure that an hand have over the achievement gotten from work, for which the hand receives regular payments.


vi. LABOUR Development This is the cause and effect of employment piecemeal from being a measure of the moral and effectiveness or else of workers( Indian Labour Statistic)( 1962)


Also means the number of workers hired to replace those who have left during a period of time, that’s the rate of those who left to the average number of workers employed.


vii. provocation It’s the amenability to work, it’s the drive and stimulation that enables individualities to perform, it’s a energy that drives you to perform a particular task.


viii. Severance A state idleness endured by labor force who as members of the labour force perceive themselves, and are perceived by others as able to work.


ix. PRODUCTIVITY Is the rate or proportion of affair of the commodity to the factors of product. According to “ Mayadeo and Karmarker ” may be defined “ as the rate between the product of a given measured by volume and one and further corresponding input factors also measured by volume ”


ORGANIZATION A group of people who come together to form a business in other to achieve a particular end or objects.


xi. SAFETY This is the condition of being safe; it improves freedom from peril and hazards or keeping of oneself or other safe especially from peril of accident or conditions.


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