chapter One



1.1 Research background

Infrastructure refers to the basic facilities and systems that serve a country, city, or region, including the services and facilities necessary for a functioning economy (Frank, 2003). Typically characterizes engineering structures such as houses, roads, bridges, tunnels, water supplies, sewers, power grids, telecommunications, etc., and is defined as “the physical components of interconnected systems that provide goods and services essential to their enablement and maintenance.” I can do it. or improve social living conditions, all of which combined may provide good quality and affordable housing (Nubi, 2003).

Providing residential infrastructure refers to the creation of basic facilities and services necessary for a particular activity or pursuit. However, no country can boast of significant development or economic improvement without providing basic infrastructure for the welfare of its citizens (Otegbulu & Adewunmi, 2008). Providing adequate infrastructure facilities is not a given in developed countries. However, it remains a major challenge in developing countries, especially Nigeria (Ajanlekoko, 2001). According to Yomi (2003), housing supply issues are routinely discussed in all sectors of public and private services in developing countries in Africa, including Nigeria. While most city dwellers live in inhumane living conditions, it is becoming increasingly apparent that those with access to average housing live at extraordinary and exorbitant costs. The term infrastructure has been given various definitions by several authors. Infrastructure development is the provision of the basic physical and organizational structures necessary for society to function, such as industries, buildings, roads, bridges, health services and governance (Amis & Kumar, 2000). It is the development of firms or products, services, and facilities necessary for a functioning economy (Sulivan and Sheffrin, 2003).

Infrastructure can be broadly described as a set of interconnected structural elements that form a framework that supports the overall development structure (Donald, 1974). It is an important term for judging the development and status of countries, regions, nations and people. Infrastructure development usually refers to the provision by governments or other agencies of technological structures that support society, such as roads, water and sewage systems, national electricity grids and telecommunications (Fulmer, 2009). Amis and Kumar (2000) argued that infrastructure helps individuals cope with different aspects of poverty. Whenever people are deprived of basic infrastructure, poverty is the result. It also follows that the cities with the highest number of poor people are those whose citizens lack the most infrastructure (Fox, 1994). Infrastructure development and housing supply interweave. Housing cannot be provided without infrastructure and must be treated holistically (Otegbulu and Adewumi, 2008). An ideal neighborhood is one with good roads, drainage networks, electricity and potable water supplies, good waste management systems and security, all with the aim of ensuring comfortable housing units. is. The state of these services in Nigerian cities goes against the principles of sustainability in housing supply. Sustainable housing developments will not only have green and energy efficient buildings, but will also have access to work, school, shops, entertainment, basic health services and be accessible by public transport. .

Adequate housing remains a mirage for all cadres of Nigerian society. Rapid population growth creates demand pressures for the efficient supply and distribution of housing and basic goods and services to urban dwellers. In most cities, the housing problem stems not only from the number of houses, but also from the poor quality of available housing. Therefore, infrastructure development plays a very important role in housing construction.

1.2 Problem Description


Housing literature focuses on the politics, financing, and economics of housing, with topics such as infrastructure on the fly. However, as the demand for quality housing grows, researchers are looking for ways to present housing from a holistic perspective. The role of infrastructure development in providing housing cannot be overstated. This study aims to assess the impact of infrastructure development on housing supply in Nigeria and provides policy makers and other stakeholders with the information they need to assess and review the effectiveness of policies and implementation strategies. and ensure the sustainability of the living environment through sustainable housing development.

1.3 Purpose of the survey

The purpose of this research is to:

1. Investigation of the impact of infrastructure development on housing supply.

2. Examine the Nigerian government’s commitment to infrastructure development in the country.

3. Analysis of relationship between infrastructure development and housing supply. 1.4 Research question

1. How will infrastructure development affect housing supply?

2. To what extent is the Nigerian government committed to developing infrastructure in the country?

3. What is the relationship between infrastructure development and housing supply?

1.5 Hypotheses

No significant link between infrastructure development and housing supply

There is a big relationship between infrastructure development and housing supply

1.6 Importance of research

The significance of this research is as follows.

1. The outcome of this research is aimed at educating the Nigerian government and policy makers on the level of infrastructure development and housing supply, and formulating and implementing policies to ensure good housing and infrastructure development.

2. This study contributes to the literature on the impact of personality traits on student academic performance and provides empirical literature for future research in this area. 1.7 Scope/Limitations of Investigation

This study explores the level of infrastructure development in Nigeria and its consequent impact on the provision of affordable housing.

Financial Constraints – Insufficient financial resources tend to prevent researchers from obtaining relevant materials, literature, or information and efficiently conducting data collection (internet, questionnaires, and interviews).

Time Constraints – Researchers will be engaged in this study and other


Ajanlekoko, JS (2001). Sustainable housing development in Nigeria – financial and infrastructure implications. International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development Nairobi, Kenya. Amis, D, and Kumar (2000). Urban Economic Growth, Infrastructure and Poverty in India:
Lessons from Visakhapatnam, Environment and Urbanization. Volume 12 (1). Donald, CS (1974). Vocational Training/Environmental Engineering Management in Public Works Fifth Edition Chicago. American Public Works and Institutes. (July August):

Fox, WF (1994). “Strategic Options for Urban Infrastructure Management”. Urban Management Program (UMP) Document 17. World Bank pp7.

Frank I (2003). State of urban infrastructure in Nigeria. Atlantis Books, Ibadan. Nigeria

Sullivan, A. and Sheffrin, M.S. (2003). work:
principle of action. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458:
Pearson Prentice Hall.

Nubi, TO (2003). “Procurement, Management and Financing of Urban Infrastructure:
Towards an Integrated Approach He is Land Management and Property Tax Reform in Nigeria, “Omirin et al. (ed.), Department of Property Management, University of Lagos, Akoka. Otegbulu, A. and Adewumi, Y. (2008). “Evaluating Nigerian Urban Housing Sustainability Through Innovative Infrastructure Management,” International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 2, No. 4, pp.334-346.

Fulmer, Jeffrey (2009). What is infrastructure? PEI Infrastructure Investors (July/August):

Yomimi Bunshi (2003). Urban finance and infrastructure development in Nigeria. Atlantis Books, Ibadan. Nigeria.


Leave a Comment