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THE EFFECT OF TERRORISM IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: IT’S SIGNIFICANCE TO DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRESS (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA)

ABSTRACT

This research looked into the impact of terrorism in emerging countries, specifically the importance of terrorism to development and advancement in Nigeria. The study specifically looked at the impact of terrorism on Nigeria’s economic progress. The report also looks at terrorist groups’ operations in Nigeria from 2012 through 2021.

between 2012 and 2021, describe the causes that contributed to the development of the Boko Haram terrorist group in Nigeria. Finally, the study looks into how terrorism has impacted Nigeria’s development and advancement. The historical research design was used in this study. The study incorporated both primary and secondary sources. Nigeria is currently dealing with the devastation caused by the Islamic cult Boko Haram, which is mostly active in the country’s northeast. As a result, the study recommends that in order to put a stop to Nigeria’s raging inferno of terror acts, not only the government, but also other stakeholders whose interests in the country’s long-term success could be jeopardized if the country is overrun by terror gangs, whatever their names or motivations may be. In order to annihilate or checkmate terrorism in Nigeria and generate the requisite breathing room for industrial development, the international community, church organizations, civil society, business community, and others must conflate their roles. Finally, the Nigerian government should make significant investments in purchasing or developing new technologies.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Terrorism and insurgency are becoming household words around the world, as no country is immune to their effects. This is why, according to Rourke (2015), war, terrorism, and other forms of global political violence are, in many ways, more dangerous today than they have ever been, as civilian casualties have risen. However, developing a singular meaning for the term “terrorism” is challenging. The problem stems from a lack of agreement or a cohesive viewpoint among governments or researchers on what constitutes a terrorist attack. As a result, terrorism has been alternately portrayed as a tactic and a strategy; a criminal and a holy obligation; a reasonable response to tyranny and an unforgivable abomination, because it is a function of oppression. The rising number of terrorist strikes in various sections of the country, with unfavorable effects for the economy and growth of the country. The federal government of Nigeria committed a large allocation to security in the 2013 budget to address the threat to national security and combat the expanding waves of crime, and the national assembly passed the Anti-Terrorism Act in 2011. (Ewetan, 2018). Despite these efforts, the country’s degree of terrorism and instability remains high, as seen by Nigeria’s low ranking in the Global Peace Index (GPI, 2015). Despite a slew of security measures adopted to confront Nigeria’s overwhelming difficulties of terrorism and insecurity, the government’s efforts have failed to provide the intended good outcome. Some scholars have defined security as the absence of dangers to a country’s peace, stability, national cohesiveness, political, and socioeconomic objectives (Igbuzor, 2015; Oche, 2016; Nwanegbo and Odigbo, 2017). As a result, the contemporary literature agrees that security is critical for national cohesiveness, peace, and long-term prosperity. As a result, it is clear that national security is a must-have for any country’s economic growth and development (Oche, 2016). The Boko Haram conflict has wiped out nearly all economic activity in the afflicted areas. Security, according to the intelligence community, is defined not by the lack of threats or security difficulties, but rather by the presence of a robust framework to respond proactively to the challenges provided. The root of the problem and the remedy is a country’s political, economic, and social insecurity, which incorporates all development goals and challenges. Terrorism must be addressed in order to carry out successful development programs. It was considered that any government should strive for security by protecting its population from structural violence, crime, and social insecurity as a goal. All goals for progress, whether economic, political, or social, will fail if residents are not safe. Terrorism is a problem in Borno State that has an impact on policies and development. Criminality must be reduced to the bare minimum in any country attempting to progress.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The development of the Boko Haram insurgency has given a previously unseen terrorist component to Nigeria’s criminal landscape. The cult has carried out a series of bombings as well as kidnappings of innocent people. The terrorist spree did not spare even the United Nations Building in Abuja (Ewetan,2018). Terrorism has a significant impact on national economy in both affluent and poor countries. It is unavoidable that the economic impact of terrorism would be felt more strongly in low-income monocultural nations than in highly advanced, diversified industrial economy (Ewetan,2018). As a result, if the country’s terrorist problem is not addressed, it could lead to increased investor apathy and a decrease in foreign direct investment (FDI).  On the state of the country, when people feel uncomfortable, their desire to invest, buy or rent investment products decreases; and that is why, all over the world, any country that emits an atmosphere of insecurity naturally repels investment initiatives from both international and domestic investors. As a result, terrorism is a threat to a nation’s economic, political, and social security, as well as a major factor linked to underdevelopment, because it discourages both domestic and foreign investment, lowers quality of life, destroys human and social capital, and damages citizen-state relationships, undermining democracy, rule of law, and a country’s ability to promote development (Adebayo, 2015). The researcher, on the other hand, is examining the impact.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the study’s objectives:

To investigate the impact of terrorism on Nigeria’s economic development from 2012 to 2021.

From 2012 through 2021, the activities of terrorist organisations in Nigeria will be investigated.

The goal is to figure out what factors led to the formation of the terrorist organisation in Nigeria.

To look into how terrorism has impacted Nigeria’s development and advancement.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

What impact does terrorism have on Nigeria’s economic development?

What are the terrorist groups’ actions in Nigeria?

 

What circumstances contributed to the formation of the terrorist group in Nigeria?

 

How has terrorism impacted Nigeria’s development and progress?

HYPOTHESIS

HO: Terrorism has no impact on Nigeria’s economic prosperity and advancement.

HA: Terrorism has an impact on Nigeria’s economic development and advancement.

 

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