An international observation declared the Niger Delta to be one of the world’s most volatile regions in 2002. This observation came on the heels of the region’s long-running crisis, which took on alarming proportions in the waning years of the 1990s and the first years of the new millennium. From one decade to the next, the region has experienced unprecedented crises centered on political and, most importantly, economic factors. Also, the nature and dynamics of the crisis in the region have changed from decade to decade, and the transformations that the crisis underwent from one period to the next have paved the way for its institutionalization in the history of the region and Nigeria in general. 1 If institutionalization occurs in the

The history of the Niger Delta crisis in the country’s politics and economy is something to discuss, as is the threat it has posed and continues to pose to the domestic and international security of the Nigerian nation state.

My intention in conducting a systematic analysis of the crisis is to identify the changing dynamics of what constitutes national security over time and how the nation state of Nigeria has dealt with the threat that the Niger Delta crisis poses to so-called national security. National security issues are a collection of political, legal, social, economic, ideological, and military issues that arise during a people’s struggle for political and economic independence.

as well as for the establishment of equal and friendly relations with other people in bilateral and international affairs.

It is critical to examine how regional crises affect the survival of the entire country, as well as how the political entity known as Nigeria has dealt with the changing dynamics of the crisis. The current study thus recognizes that the concept of national security is fluid and dynamic. All nations around the world are dealing with, and will continue to deal with, national security challenges. The complicated nature of the Niger Delta crisis poses a serious and long-term threat to Nigeria’s fragile democracy and volatile national security.

This work investigates the complexities involved in the upkeep of

National security issues arose as a result of the Niger Delta crisis. The concept of National Security questions and the contributions of the Niger Delta crisis are both international and domestic in nature for the purposes of this research.


In this work, I attempt to address all aspects of the role of crude oil in the escalation and resolution of the Niger Delta crisis. What is the significance of the crisis’s other exigencies or factors? The Multinational Corporation’s contributions and various political ferments in the region? Without a critical understanding of the relationship between individual communities on the one hand and the federal government on the other, the Niger Delta crisis cannot be understood.

hand, which revolves around resource control and has slowed regional infrastructure, economic, and social development.

To what extent does the crisis pose a threat to national security? To put it another way, what is the crisis’s threat to Nigeria’s fledgling democracy? The transformation of crisis into the all-encompassing concept of national security is also examined, as are the federal government’s efforts to maintain legitimacy in the name of fundamental national security.

The Niger Delta crisis has repeatedly threatened the government’s primacy responsibility in terms of the security of lives and property, as well as the preservation of Nigeria’s unity as a single political entity.

2 National security extends beyond its primary function.

of the government in the protection of lives and properties. It also has implications for international security and sovereignty. The vexing question is whether the Niger Delta crisis poses a threat to Nigeria’s international security and sovereignty.


The role of the Niger Delta crisis in national security issues is a topic that deserves scholarly attention.

As a result, the goals of this study are

1. Examine the impact of the Niger Delta crisis on Nigerian national security.

2. To situate the Niger Delta crisis within the context of its implications for national security.

3. To examine how regional crises affect the overall survival of the country.

4. Recognize the changing dynamics and what

What constitutes national security over time, and how the Nigerian nation state has dealt with the crisis.

5. The role of crude oil in the escalation and abatement of the Niger Delta crisis.

6. The significance of the crisis’s other exigencies or factors.

7. The contribution of multinational corporations and regional political ferments.


The justification for this work is best understood from two major perspectives: the need to conduct a critical academic analysis of the origins of the Nigeria Delta Crisis and an assessment of the impact of the Niger Delta Crisis on national security, as a result of the changing dynamics of the crisis and the high degree of internationalization that it has undergone. in recent years. The internationalization of the Niger Delta Crisis is as old as the crisis itself; however, in recent years, the international community’s concern has grown.



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