Religion is a contentious concept because various people see it differently. Religion is essential because no civilization can exist without it as a part of its culture, and it is also inherent in human nature. This study tried to examine the meaning of religion, as well as its positive and negative aspects in society, as well as its importance in an ideal society.

This investigation began with a review of the background, purpose, significance, and purpose of religion. Historical, explanatory, and critical methodologies, as well as analysis, were utilised.

We looked at several researchers’ interpretations of religion, particularly Karl Marx’s interpretation of religion, which is the focus of our study. We also talked about what it takes to be a great leader.




Religion may be traced all the way back to the ancient world. Orphism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, African Traditional Religions, and other religions can all be linked back to it. Religion is, without a doubt, a foundation for societal order. It is the belief in a supernatural being that has the ability to influence one’s actions. Religion allows us to play a variety of roles in society, including influencing individual lifestyles in order to bring people together. Religion also serves as a record of nature’s wonders and mysteries. Religion is significant because it instills in people the awareness of leading a decent life in society. Religion is one of the most important aspects of morality because it helps us to distinguish between what is right and what is wrong.


The issue that needs to be addressed is religion. As previously stated, religion is a source of moral obligation. However, it appears that this notion of religion differs from Marx’s definition of religion. Religion, according to Marx, is a sort of social consciousness. 3 People are oppressed and enslaved by religion. He argued that religion exists as a result of the capitalist system’s economic exploitation. The masses, who are always the majority (proletariat), are exploited by the minority in the capitalist system (bourgeoisie). Conflicts arise as a result of this. This raises concerns about religion’s involvement in suppressing people’s actual grievances. This is the problem that this study aims to solve. The true question is, “How?”


Religion and morality are both concerned with human conduct’s morality, and both presuppose human freedom and responsibility. People today see religion to be a practice that leaves a lot to be desired. From a Christian standpoint, it is apparent from what the new generational churches of today do that there is a problem with certain so-called men of God setting up churches with the intention of deceiving and exploiting people for personal gain. This project is vital for this objective in order to uncover any incorrect religious practices that may have influenced Karl Marx’s understanding of religion. This initiative is crucial for the purpose of reforming religion by providing it with a sincere concept that is based on morals.


Religion is such an important part of human culture that it cannot be disregarded. 5 So, the significance of this study is to draw attention to the fact that one can only talk about the moral life of an individual in a given society if religion is practiced with sincerity or genuinely: A human being can never be complete without spiritual wellbeing, which is an essential part of his human person.

This study is significant because it demonstrates that in a culture where true religion is followed, morality is valued highly, as opposed to a society where individuals are treated unfairly.


Religion is crucial. However, it is impossible to assert that it possesses all of the answers to human problems. The focus of this study will be on Karl Marx’s concept of religion. Religion, according to Marx, is at the root of all social ills. 6

However, where required, the concept of religion as defined by different scholars in different eras will be examined.


A method is a specific approach of doing a task. 7 Historical analysis is one of the methodologies that will be employed in this study. This will aid in the analysis of religious growth from the historical period to the present. We’ll also employ the expository approach. This will assist in bringing man’s concept of religion into focus. Finally, we will use the critical technique to x-ray the positive and problematic aspects of Marx’s religion concept. For textbooks, periodicals, articles, and relevant class notes, we will rely on the library and the internet.

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