AN ANALYSIS OF THE DOMESTIC WATER DEMAND AND SUPPLY

ABSTRACT

Water is a basic human need that is essential for maintaining the quality of life on Earth. However, due to its unbalanced and unmanaged use, it is scarce. This study examines domestic water demand and supply in Ilorin, Kwara State. The analysis of water resource sources in Ilorin, assessing factors affecting water demand and supply, and their relationship. The methodology entails the use of questionnaires and an interview method to collect necessary information from the state water Board as well as results from the study area. The study was carried out using a structured questionnaire that was administered. Two hundred and fifty (250) questionnaires were correctly completed. On the part of the Water Board, the questionnaire was correctly completed and returned. Sampling at random was put to work. The questionnaires were used to gather information from a representative sample of respondents. Analytic techniques such as frequency distribution, sample percentage, and correlation analysis use both descriptive and inferential statistics. As a result of the analysis, it was determined that consumption and supply are 124.0 and 190.2 liters per person per day, respectively. The correlation coefficient (1.9996) result indicates that there is a very strong positive linear relationship between household water demand and water supplied by the Kwara State Water Board. When water is scarce, women and children are especially vulnerable. Some of the factors influencing water supply include pipe bursts, poor management, topography of an area, water waste, and bias in water supply. The To achieve the goal, the study recommends that both water users (9demand) and suppliers work together to control water waste.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Water is necessary for life, and its supply, consumption, and spatial distribution are all intertwined.

associated with economic growth and the development of society. Aside from air, water is essential to life; it is a foundation for human prosperity because adequate and high-quality water supplies provide a foundation for human social, economic, and cultural development (Ward, 1975, Young, 2006). The importance of water to man cannot be overstated; aside from shelter, food, and clothing, it is the most important benefit to man’s sustenance (Ajadi, 1996)

According to Amin and Mahmud (2011), it is widely acknowledged throughout the world that water is a critical resource for human survival and that it is a major factor in commanding the progress of civilization.

Water

is critical to sustaining the quality of life on Earth, the sustainability of socially sensitive goods like water is dependent on the effective and efficient use of available water resources. According to Amin and Mahmud (2011), the extensive use of water has increased globally, and the efficacy of supply side measures is questionable due to drastic increases in population, technological advancement, and economic growth; because the demand for water supplies is constantly increasing, numerous researchers have emphasized water demand management rather than supply side management. The water demand study in relation to water supply allows us to estimate how much the demand for water supplies will increase.

Water demand is the amount of water produced by the treatment plant in order to meet all of the city’s needs.  The neighborhood. Water demand includes water delivered to the system to meet consumer demand, water supply for fire suppression, and system flushing. Water supply, on the other hand, refers to a system for collecting, transmitting, treating, storing, and distributing water Admassu M. (1996).

 

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