chapter One

1.1 Research background

According to Hans Klein (2005.p,65), political participation means “the right of citizens to influence public affairs”. In line with this concept, political participation can be identified as actions taken by citizens of a country to influence or support government or politics. It flows from the freedom to express, to organize, to unite. ability to participate in the conduct of public affairs; ability to register as a candidate, run for public office, be elected and hold public office at all levels of government;

In Nigeria, the role of women in politics is minimal. The 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Chapter IV, Sections 30 and 40, guarantees basic and fundamental rights to all Nigerian citizens (both men and women). There are very few women in leadership positions. They are of both genders (Onabajo, 2000). Since the 19th century, women have actively participated in political struggles. Women such as Amina of Zaria, Madam Tinub of Lagos, Orhunmirayo Ransom Kuti of Abeokuta, Margaret Ekpo and Hajia Gabon Swabia are committed to ensuring that Nigerian women are given an honorable place in Nigerian history. have fought (Luka, 2011).In politics, these women have made important contributions to the mobilization and raising awareness of women, especially regarding their active participation in politics. According to her Professor Attahiru M. Jega, former chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), “women only vote for and endorse male candidates for elected public office. You shouldn’t.” This was the motivation behind the release of the INEC Gender Policy, which institutionalizes:

1. Ensure that INEC policies, plans, processes and operations are gender sensitive.

2. Promoting gender equality and balance within political parties, especially when identifying candidates in accordance with the provisions of legislation.

3. Increase budgets and mobilize partners to effectively allocate funding for gender-sensitive action in areas of responsibility.

4. Support a legal environment that can achieve gender equality and close the political representation gap in electoral offices at all electoral levels. 1.2 Problem Description

It’s no secret that women are underrepresented in politics. (Luka, 2011) argued that “politics is too serious a problem to be left exclusively in the hands of men, and the persistently low level of women’s political participation in Nigeria is a major concern. Of the 109 seats available in Nigeria, only 20 were occupied by women in 2011. The same is true of the House of Representatives, where 362 seats are occupied by women. Only 24. Additionally, 36 states in Nigeria do not have a female governor in the country, nor do they have a female president or vice president.

Countries such as the United Kingdom, the Philippines, Brazil, Liberia and Germany have and still have women in high political leadership positions, but the opposite is true in Nigeria. Women are also called upon to be leaders, not mere followers, as they have equal rights as stipulated in the 1999 Nigerian Constitution. Mass media, especially radio, have an important role to play in mobilizing women for political participation.

1.3 Purpose of the survey

Therefore, the purpose of this study is formulated as follows.

1. Describe the role of broadcast media in mobilizing women for political participation.

2. Promote gender equality and balance within political parties.

3. Learn how sociocultural and norms influence women’s participation in politics in Nigeria.

4. Examining the influence of the media on the mobilization of women for political participation.

5. Identify the problems women face in participating in politics.

1.4 Research question

This survey will attempt to adequately answer the following questions: 1. What is the role of broadcast media in mobilizing women for political participation?

2. What is the perception of women in these political programs?

3. To what extent do sociocultural and norms influence women’s participation in politics in Nigeria?

4. What influence does the media have on mobilizing women for political participation?

5. What are the problems women face in participating in politics? 1.5 Survey scope

This study essentially focuses on assessing the role of broadcast media in mobilizing women for political participation.

1.6 Validity of research

At the end of this research, it is hoped that knowledge will be updated as part of the research. In particular, I support people’s views on the usefulness of broadcast media in promoting women’s participation in decision-making processes. The research will focus on enabling women to participate in politics through the use of radio, television, film and cinema in news and event packages, and on academics practicing and training journalists to gain government attention. will collect. Governments should promote the welfare of women in general. The federal government should also promote women’s full involvement in human resource development and enforce their acceptance as full participation in all stages of state development with equal rights and corresponding obligations. I have.

Another important implication of this is that elections are held according to rules in which all eligible persons, especially women, are free to vote or be elected without restriction by manipulation. (Williams, 2008).


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