The study focuses on infrastructure provision in a public-private partnership housing program by real estate developers in Abuja. Insufficient or poor infrastructure has been reported by residents of settlements under this program. This research is necessary because proper infrastructure plays a vital role in the well-being of individuals in any society. As part of the study, 63 questionnaires were randomly assigned to private real estate developers to assess factors that influence infrastructure delivery in public-private partnership housing programs. To determine the compliance of private real estate developers in providing infrastructure, a sample size of 56 settlements was selected using a checklist for this purpose. From the research findings, the inability of government to provide primary infrastructure to districts, insufficient finance and high interests on loan ranked as the high significant factors affecting the provision of infrastructure. Early provision of primary infrastructure by government, availability of funds to provide infrastructure in estates, low interest on loans, provision of subsidies on materials by government and availability of long term loans ranked as the high significant practices that would enhance the provision of infrastructure in housing estates under the public private partnership arrangement.
From the estates visited, there is poor provision of sewer lines (0%), water supply (10.94%), shopping facility (14.6%) and recreational parks (29.2%). From the findings, it was concluded that government’s inability to provide primary infrastructure in districts is the most significant factor affecting the provision of infrastructure, while early provision of infrastructure in districts by government and availability of loans and subsidies for developers are practices that would enhance the provision of infrastructures in PPP housing scheme. The research recommends active participation from the government in the provision of primary infrastructure, the provision of soft loans.

Chapter 1

1.1 Research background
Housing is seen as the process of permanently providing large numbers of dwellings with adequate physical infrastructure and social amenities in planned, adequate, safe and sanitary neighborhoods (The Federal Ministry of Works and Housing, 2002; Ibrahim and Mbamali, 2013). Rapid population growth leads to high demand for housing and efficient supply and distribution of basic utilities and services to urban dwellers (Bala and Bustani, 2009). In most urban centers, the housing problem stems not only from the number of housing units available, but also from their poor quality (Ajayi and Omole, 2012). According to Coker et al. (2007) Satisfactory housing is housing in adequate living conditions with drinking water, adequate shelter, and other services and facilities. A country’s housing situation is indicative of its people’s health aspirations, economic well-being, and social status. Housing affects the lives of individuals as it provides shelter, privacy, space for economic activity, recreation and livelihoods (Ajayi and Omole, 2012).
The introduction of public-private partnerships in Nigerian housing began in the early 1990s with the introduction of the National Housing Policy (NHP) (Ademuyi, 2010). correspondence
According to Ukwayi et al., (2012), the National Housing Policy failed to meet its stated goals, leading to a major overhaul. In 2000, a new approach to government-private partnerships in housing and infrastructure provision was launched (National Technical Working Group on Housing, 2009). According to Ukoje and Kanu (2014), alliances are between federal metropolitan areas.




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