1.1  Background of the study

Foreign policy is all about the logical pursuit of a set of national goals. The term “pursuit” refers to the actions, steps, and roles that define a state’s attitude or behavior in the outside world. Foreign policy is analogous to a wedding ring, with which a country’s domestic setting formalizes its marriage with the rest of the world. Nations’ goals and objectives underpin such political “marriage,” so foreign policy serves as a means to an end for governments. Foreign policy is defined by academics as a pattern of behavior that a state adopts in its interactions with other nations, which other scholars interpret as the state’s strategy and tactics in dealing with other states in the international system. As a result of this,

Foreign policy is a strategy or program of activities that defines a country’s goals in the international system. To put it another way, they are a state’s actions toward the outside world as well as the circumstances, usually domestic, under which such actions are formed. This appears to be consistent with Henry Kissinger’s oft-quoted claim that the domestic structure is assumed in foreign policy analysis because foreign policy begins where domestic politics ends. Simply put, foreign policy is a country’s attitude toward the rest of the world. The ultimate goal is to strengthen the country’s position. In order to gain more clout in international affairs, a developing country’s foreign policy should be oriented toward national economic growth.

Because the concept Although there is no widely accepted definition of globalization, there are many definitions of globalization, roughly equal to the number of writers on the subject. Fawole (2003) defines globalization as “the process of change toward greater international economic integration through commerce, financial flows, technology exchange, information, and people mobility.” This concept captured the dynamic at the heart of globalization. Globalization is an ever-changing process. It’s a tidal wave of interconnection that’s only growing. As globalization spreads, the world is shrinking. Liberalization of trade, finance, and investment, as well as increased global interconnectivity as a result of technological advancements, have changed the game and pace of foreign policy around the world, threatening and undermining state sovereignty and security.  territorial integrity. “As a result of this integration, which has been accelerated by extraordinary advances in information and communications technology,” the world has been dubbed a “global village” (Lawal and Daiyabu, 2015). Nigeria has been feeling the effects of globalization since the late 1980s. However, the country’s former colonial ruler, Britain, structured the country’s political economy along liberal capitalist lines (Lawal and Daiyabu. 2015). The realities of today’s ever-expanding wave of globalization are manifesting not only in the country’s economic design, but in all national concerns, including Nigeria’s “range of actions, as well as a set of principles influencing these actions, taken with reference to external situations and factors” (Frankel, 1978); i.e., Nigeria’s “range of actions, as well as a set of principles influencing these actions, taken with reference to external situations and factors”

of guiding principles influencing these actions, as applied to external situations and factors

1.2 Research problem statement

The new globalization process had set in motion new development dynamics, aided by information and communication technology. To face the challenges of globalization, the government must recognize that the Nigerian economy’s growth and development must be based on the global economy in order to achieve competitiveness and ensure effective resource allocation. The challenges for the country’s economic managers, on the other hand, are to put the economy on a competitive path and strengthen it so that it can participate effectively and compete favorably within the global system, update the nation’s infrastructure, improve access to telecommunications, and stabilize power supply, and corruption and inefficient monopolies must quickly give way, through Privatization and liberalization are terms used interchangeably. Social investment in education and health must be increased in order to develop a pool of competent people who will use the country’s abundant resources to return it to the path of success. Some of the concepts that guide Nigeria’s international behavior have been redefined in the country’s foreign policy. One possible explanation is that public criticism has been leveled at the effect of Nigeria’s foreign policy efforts on ordinary Nigerians. Foreign policy assistance from Nigeria to other countries has not always been well received, and has been marred by antagonism and mistreatment of innocent Nigerians around the world. Another motivation could be to protect Nigeria’s interests in international politics. Regardless of the circumstances, the

The government of Nigeria has revisited the principles of reciprocity in its foreign policy, adopted a new attitude toward official development assistance, instituted a new criterion for possession of the country’s international passport, and reviewed the terms of production sharing contracts.

1.3 The study’s objectives

The primary goal of this research is to investigate the impact of globalization on Nigerian foreign policy: Specifically:

1. To discover what globalization is all about

2. To investigate the impact of globalization on Nigeria’s foreign policy.

3. To investigate the role of globalization in the formulation of Nigerian foreign policy.

4. To investigate globalization and its impact on Nigerian foreign policy.

1.4 Research concerns

1. What do you believe globalization is all about?

2. What impact has globalization had on Nigeria?

What is foreign policy?

3. Do you believe globalization has influenced Nigeria’s foreign policy formulation?

4. What is the globalisation challenge to Nigerian foreign policy?

1.5 Importance of the research

The importance of this study cannot be overstated because:

l The purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of globalization on Nigerian foreign policy.

l The findings of this study will undoubtedly provide much-needed information to government organizations, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and academia.

1.6 The Study’s Scope

This study will investigate the impact of globalization on Nigerian foreign policy, with the goal of understanding the relationship between globalization and foreign policy. The study will be divided into five chapters.

1.7 Research limitations

This study was limited by a

a number of factors, including the following:

As with any other research, there are challenges, ranging from a lack of needed accurate materials on the topic under study to an inability to obtain data.

Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires

Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher

1.8 Operational definition of terms

Influence: the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.

Globalization: the word used to describe the growing interdependence of the world’s economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods

and services, technology, investment, people, and information flows.

Foreign policy: the broad goals that guide a country’s activities and relationships with other countries. Domestic considerations, the policies or behavior of other states, or plans to advance specific geopolitical designs all influence the development of foreign policy.



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