CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The recent rapid expansion of the world population has gotten a lot of attention, especially in Africa, which has the highest crude-birth rates. Nigeria’s current population is estimated to be between 90 and 100 million people, with an annual growth rate of 3.3 percent (Oni, 2006).

Much population study already considers Nigeria to be overpopulated, based on the present population estimate. The Federal Government recently created a population policy based on the results of the competition.

These comprise goals, policies, strategies, programs, and initiatives for the improvement of human quality, as well as management and control of our human population with directed skills (Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria 2010).

We cannot dismiss the negative effects of uncontrolled reproduction on women, as well as risk factors such as childbirth before the age of 18 or after the age of 35. While population growth rates in developed countries have decreased as women and men have chosen to have fewer children, population growth rates in developing countries such as Nigeria have remained high as only a few couples limit the number of children they have. Incidence of Unsafe Abortion and Associated Mortality in (2000) WHO Global and Regional Estimates (2004).

There is fear that natural resources are limited and unmanaged, and that population increase may lead to a crisis, according to statistics from the ICF International Central Statistical Agency (2006). The majority of the world’s population is not adequately nourished or housed, as evidenced by this graph. People who are less able to care for their children have more children than those who have the financial wherewithal to sustain them (Shuaib $ Oghdoh 2010).

Individuals and governments alike are becoming increasingly concerned about limiting their family size and population. (Tom Nelson and Timothy Nelson, Soc. Sc. 2011). Appropriate diet, housing, and a higher quality of life are all required. In 2012, the Federal Government took a key step toward reducing the unacceptable high levels of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality, as well as ensuring the essential improvement in access to high-quality reproductive health services at all levels. Promoting access to family planning information, encouraging a wider range of contraceptive methods, and encouraging the development of new initiatives to support the availability of commodities and supplies at service delivery points are all important steps toward achieving the stated goals of reproductive health policy. Family planning became popular as a means of population control. In Nigeria, the services were initially given by independent agencies, and now they are provided by private persons. Men and women are more accepting of the reality that they require in order to protect themselves and make educated decisions about their reproductive health Dwger J. C. (2002). Despite the benefits of family planning, there is a lot of disinformation and rumors about it. Despite the fact that awareness resistance continues, some people are concerned that giving young people with family planning information would lead to irresponsibility and promiscuity on the one hand, and irresponsibility and promiscuity on the other.

Women of childbearing age are hesitant to seek information or assistance from their families or from professionals. As a result, they lack the necessary information. Abodunrin Olugbenga-Bello $ Adeomi (2011).

According to Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria (2001), Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria’s experience in 34 of Nigeria’s 36 states demonstrates that women are poorly informed about reproductive health and family planning.

Family planning has been a source of anxiety for millennia as people sought to avoid undesired pregnancies. Attempts to avoid these pregnancies have been met with opposition throughout history, both ancient and modern. $ Mahmood, Ali, Rozi (2004).

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