CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AGEING POPULATION

ABSTRACT

The aging of the global population is no longer news. It has become increasingly difficult for families and policymakers to meet the health and daily needs of the aging population. The study looks at the characteristics of the aging population in the Plateau State community of Dogon Dutse in Jos North Local Government Area. Data from 50 respondents were gathered using a random sampling technique and managed using Microsoft Excel and SPSS 20. The results show that only 18 respondents were women, with men making up the majority of the respondents. Fewer of them attended tertiary education and the majority of them attended informal/Qur’anic education. Additionally, it reveals that different regions both inside and outside of Jos produced the respondents. It manifests religious significance, household income, housing type, and respondents’ current health conditions. The study also reveals the difficulties the aging population faces, with some reporting harassment and others reporting discrimination based on their age. Additionally, it makes recommendations for how to best care for the elderly population and their contributions. Chi-square was employed to evaluate the study’s significance. The study suggests that providing the elderly with healthy food and a balanced diet, care, family support, and community involvement will be good ways to take care of them as they age. The government, NGOs, and places of worship should all assist in providing for the elderly.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.1         Background of the Study

The number of people over 60 has been rising at an unprecedented rate throughout the world. Ages 60 and over were present in 378 million people in 1980; in three decades, this number increased to 759 million, and by 2050, it is anticipated to nearly triple to 2 billion (United Nations, 2010 and WHO, 2013). The aging population is increasing faster than the overall population in almost every region of the world (United Nations, 2009). Particularly, the aging population is growing more quickly in developing nations than in developed nations. Africa’s population is aging more quickly than the rest of the world, at a rate of 2.27%. (United Nations, 2013). Although there are many older people in

percentage terms is anticipated to remain modest, but over the following few decades, the absolute number of older people is anticipated to rise sharply. The UN (2010) and WHO (2013) both report that the world’s population is rapidly aging. The percentage of people over 60 in the world will double from about 11% to 22% between 2000 and 2050. Over the same time period, an increase from 605 million to 2 billion people will be over the age of 60.

While the population of Africa is still largely young, the proportion of older people has increased significantly over the past few decades, much like other parts of the world. An increase in the elderly population in Africa is accompanied by

The proportion of people 60 and older has decreased in the modern age of the population as a result of changes in the dependency ratio. The alterations in the population’s age distribution in Africa are likely to have a significant impact on the continent. According to a 2006 population estimate, Nigeria had a total population estimated at 140,431,790 million people, or 4.3 percent of the total population. Nigeria’s elderly (65 and older) population is growing as the country’s overall crude mortality rates decline.

The rapid transformation of the traditional extended family structure, socioeconomic hardship, widespread poverty, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic all play a role in Nigeria’s aging population. There is a chance. expect the older population to grow quickly in the upcoming year, while the younger population will grow more slowly. The age distribution of Nigerian society will likely change significantly as a result. The National Population Commission confirmed an increase in the percentage and number of people aged 60 and over based on the results of the 2006 National Census. The ageing population is anticipated to grow and the life expectancy rate to gradually rise in the upcoming year, having a significant social and economic impact on both the individual and the national government. For instance, the old-age dependency ratio is currently low (at least in comparison to developed countries), but it will rise over the next 12 months. This is a reference to issues to come

 

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