Various authorities, such as parliaments and government agencies, have implemented electronic petitions systems since 2000. (e-petitions). E-petitions have advanced beyond the test organization and are characterized by a substantial level of institutionalization and procedural development as compared to most other forms of petitions made available by public entities. This study proposes to create an Internet-based e-petitioning system to aid the relationship between public institutions and petitioning. When completely implemented, this will allow citizens to participate in and petition government entities using various internet means. The Online Petition Management system will assist increase accountability, organize, and simplify thousands of manual petitions filed around the world. HTML, CSS, PHP, and mySQL were used to create the suggested system.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The ability to petition politicians or other government agencies can be traced all the way back to ancient times (Bockhofer 1999; Hirsch 2007; Klasen 1991). This communication route between subjects and rulers has been constantly altered over the years to meet changing political and social needs. The rise of the internet as a mass communication medium has had a direct impact on recent improvements in the political ability to submit petitions. E-petitions were obviously in the forefront of official, fully operational e-democracy operations of governments and parliaments, among the several options for offering formal online participation channels to citizens. The Scottish e-petitioner, created in 2000, was the first e-petition system to be used to help elect parliament members in recent years. After two years, another regional parliament, the Queensland Parliament, adopted the same approach by creating its own e-petition system. The German Federal Parliament, the Bundestag, is currently working on an e-petition system similar to the one used in Scotland in 2004-2005. Furthermore, since 2005, over a hundred Norwegian districts have offered e-petitions to their inhabitants. Furthermore, the British Parliament in London is now debating whether or not to establish an e-petition system in the near future (House of Commons 2008). The e-petition system has not only been established for parliaments, but has also been adopted by several government institutions: The British Prime Minister’s e-petition system, which began in 2010, is undoubtedly the most well-known — and also the most contentious. This list might be continued with numerous instances, such as the European Parliament’s e-petition system or the e-petition system in South Korea. In comparison to the most prevalent type of petitioning, which is manual, e-petitioning has been developed and used by a number of governmental entities. In light of this setback in the development of e-petitions systems, a closer look at the advances made in the field of e-petitioning over the last decade appears to be particularly encouraging if the relationship between public institutions and internet-based systems designed to provide additional and/or new channels for political participation is to be improved.
STATEMENT OF THE STUDY
This paper aims to develop an online petition management system to replace the time-consuming manual process of sending petitions across government institutions, as well as to configure the technical design of online-based petition systems and the dynamics of political participation. The analysis of e-petition case studies focuses on the following issues:
Replace the manual method of submitting petitions with a stringent system that is always tough for citizens to follow.
Petitioners are protected against insecurity in their own nations.
To promote accountability, assist citizens in fully participating in government laws and changes.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The major goal of this study is to design and implement an online petition management system that will allow citizens in a democratic society to submit electronic petitions to aid government / institutional laws for improved improvements, with the following goals:
Allow for the electronic submission of petitions via the internet.
Because the government receives thousands of petitions every day, it can easily manage them.
Increased accountability, improved governance among key government institutions, and the government’s legislative goals
To aid in the improvement of good governance, enhance the way petitions are handled and managed.
LIMITATION OF THE PROJECT
While conducting research for the purpose of building an online petition management system, I came across the following limitations:
There aren’t enough relevant documents, books, or articles on the subject.
The high cost of internet data makes it difficult to obtain meaningful information from the internet.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
– Petition – A petition is a written request for action, usually made to a government official or public institution.
– Legislative – having the authority to enact legislation.
– Citizen – a born or naturalized subject or national of a state or commonwealth who is legally recognized by the state or commonwealth.
– Government – A government is the system or collection of individuals in charge of governing a formally constituted community, usually a state. In its broadest sense, government is made up of three parts: legislature, executive branch, and judiciary.
– E-petition is an abbreviation for “electronic petition.”
– Parliament- Parliament is the legislative branch of the government.