1.1 The Study’s Background

1.2 Description of Architectural Issues

1.3 Inspiration

1.4 Aims

1.5 Intentions

1.6 Project Scope

1.6.1 The Website

1.6.2 The Main Structure

1.6.3 The Medical Clinic

1.6.4 Employee Accommodation

1.7 Justification for the Project

1.8 Definitions of Terms

1.9 Methodology of Research



2.1. Disaster History

The History of Disaster Management

2.3. Nigeria’s Disaster Management History

2.4. Natural disaster

2.4.1 Disaster Types

2.4.2 Disaster Impacts on Our Region and Environment —


Cycle of Disaster Management —-


Technical Specifications




Station of the Enugu State Fire Service

3.1.1 Geographical location

3.1.2 The Customer

3.1.3 The Architect

3.1.4 Historical Background

3.1.5 Functionalities

3.1.6 Method of Operation

3.1.7 Issues to Consider

3.1.8 Programming Element –


Planning Idea

3.1.10 Environmental Management

3.1.11 Services Required

3.1.12 General Evaluation

3.1.13 Materials for Construction

3.1.14 Advantages

3.1.15 Advantages

3.1.16 Illustrations

3.1.17 Organizational Chart


National Disaster Management Agency (NEMA)

3.2.1 Placement

3.2.2 Programming Element

3.2.3 Positive aspects

3.2.4 Distinctions

3.2.5 Issues to Consider

3.2.6 Possibilities for Solutions

3.2.7 Organizational Diagram

3.2.8 Illustrations


Ehlanzeni District Municipality’s Disaster Management Centre in South Africa.

3.3.1 Placement

3.3.2 Mission Statement

3.3.3 Program Component

3.3.4 Positive aspects

3.3.5 Characteristics

3.3.6 Illustrations



4.1 The Internet Site

4.1.1 Geographical Area

4.1.2 Site Evaluation Criteria

4.1.2 Maps of Location

4.2 Port Harcourt, River State Climate –

4.3 Considerations for Planning

4.3.1 Circulation and Access

4.3.2 Gradients and Slopes

4.3.3 Sunlight Radiation

4.3.4 Wind Speed and Direction

4.3.5 Noise

4.3.6 Aspects of Orientation

4.3.7 Plants and trees

Considerations for Design

4.4.1 Technical Information

4.4.2 Spaces and Their Interrelationships

4.4.3 Construction Materials

4.4.4 Formal Aesthetics

4.4.5 Provided Services

4.4.6 Illumination

4.4.7 Air circulation

4.4.8 Thermal Convenience

4.4.9 Fire Protection

4.5 Physical Space Requirements



5.1 Design And Planning Philosophy

5.2 Design Idea

5.3 Concept Development

5.4 Structure of the Building




“Disaster management” is defined as the set of activities designed to maintain control over disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for assisting at-risk individuals in avoiding or recovering from the disaster’s impact. Disaster management addresses issues that arise before, during, and after a disaster. Globally, there have been numerous disasters on land, air, and sea; whether natural or man-made, these disasters have resulted in the loss of lives and property worth billions of Naira.

In Nigeria, there was an instance of earth tremors in Ogun state in 1994, and several cases of flooding occurred in Nigeria, with 363 people killed and over 2,100,000 displaced in July 2012. Adamawa, Taraba, Plateau, and other states are affected. Benue is a state in Nigeria. Many Nigerian coastal and inland cities experienced heavy rains on July 2, 2012, with residents of Lagos state “gasping for breath” due to flooding. Furthermore, there was gridlock on major roads, causing people to cancel or postpone appointments. Thousands of stranded commuters had to pay higher fares for the few bus drivers willing to risk traveling on the roads, and the Nigerian government’s work on the inner Oke-Afa Road took a “heavy toll.” Flooding in the Ibadan metropolis in mid-July 2012 forced some residents of Challenge, Oke-Ayo, and Eleyele to flee their homes and save their lives. Some Christians were also unable to attend church in the morning due to the flooding.

while a few bridges collapsed. The Nigerian government stated that certain structures on waterways had to be demolished as a result of the flooding, while the Commissioner for Information and Orientation, Bosun Oladele, stated that there were no casualties. Although most disasters that Nigerians face, such as aircraft crashes, boat mishaps, floods, landslides, fire out breaks, oil spillage, and so on, can be avoided.


A disaster is an event, natural or man-made, sudden or progressive, that has such a severe impact that the affected community or individual must respond with extraordinary measures.

Disaster management is the systematic observation and analysis of disasters in order to improve disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, emergency response, and recovery measures. It is also a

range of activities designed to maintain control over disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for assisting at-risk people to avoid or recover from the disaster’s impact; and deals with situations that occur prior to, during, and after the disaster.

The term “Disaster Management” refers to the entire scope of disaster-related activities. People have traditionally thought of disaster management in terms of post-disaster actions taken by relief and reconstruction officials; however, disaster management has a much broader scope, and many modern disaster managers may find themselves far more involved in pre-disaster activities than in post-disaster response. This is due to the fact that many people who work in development or plan routine economic, urban, regional, or agricultural development projects have

disaster management responsibilities. Disaster management also includes emergency assistance and long-term care for refugees and displaced people. The refugee disaster management field is highly specialized, requiring not only a wide range of development skills but also a broad understanding of political, legal, and humanitarian issues.

The project is to design a Disaster Management Centre that will serve as a base for the operational squad and aid in the investigation, assistance, and relief of disaster victims. This project’s goal is to provide disaster management knowledge and skills to improve understanding of good (and bad) disaster preparedness and response, as well as the reasons for them. This project introduces the basic principles of disaster management, with an emphasis on disaster response in the United States. The world is developing.




A disaster is defined as a progressive or sudden, widespread or localized, natural or human-caused occurrence that causes or threatens to cause death, injury, or disease, damage to property, infrastructure, or the environment, disruption of a community’s life, and is of a magnitude that exceeds those affected by the disaster’s ability to cope with its effect using only their own resources. A disaster management center is required in order to:

To put in place an integrated and coordinated disaster management policy that focuses on disaster prevention or reduction, disaster severity reduction, emergency preparedness, rapid and effective disaster response, and post-disaster recovery.

To create a document that will identify risks, assess risks, develop risk responses, and control risk responses.

What is the purpose of

The center’s mission is to outline policy and procedures for both proactive disaster prevention and reactive disaster response and mitigation.

The following are the functions of the disaster management center:

Must be well-versed in disaster-related issues in Rivers State.

Serve as a repository and conduit for disaster-related information.

It must carry out its functions and exercise its powers in accordance with Section 44 of the Disaster Management Act, 57 of 2002.

It must communicate and coordinate its activities with those of National and State Management Centers.


Architecture is an abstraction from nature and intuition with aesthetic possibilities for overall ambient satisfaction (Fashuyi, 2004). However, before Architecture can be accepted in its true values, this ideological perception must graft with sensitive issues bordering on culture and economy. However, the current structure of architectural education in Nigeria is insensitive to the country’s socioeconomic environment. In fact, it is better suited to problems of urban environments in prosperous economies that have nothing in common with the country’s cultural and economic characteristics (Adesina, 1987). Through colonial mentors, architectural education in Nigeria was inherited from the Beaux-Art concept of Western educational philosophy. This trend is to provide aesthetically pleasing buildings, regardless of function.

The Disaster Management Centre will be designed with this in mind.

The site is located in an area that is easily accessible from various parts of the state; helicopters are also available to ease rescue in parts of the state that are not easily assessable by land; the structure is responsive to the socioeconomic environment in the state; the structure is aesthetically pleasing; and the structure conforms to building codes and zoning.

As a result, the Disaster Management Centre’s architectural issues are as follows:

The incorporation of architectural purpose, site, appropriate spaces, technical systems, and materials.

Insufficient ventilation and natural lighting

Primary and secondary circulation within and around the site.


Disaster management is a massive undertaking. Disasters are not limited to a specific location, nor do they disappear as quickly as they appear. As a result, proper management is required to maximize the efficiency of planning and response. Because of limited resources, collaboration at the governmental, private, and community levels is required. This level of collaboration necessitates a well-coordinated and organized effort to prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies and their consequences as quickly as possible.

This project’s motivation stems from:

The absolute requirement for such a project: Thousands of lives have been lost in natural and man-made disasters over the years, primarily due to the lack of a disaster management center or the slow response of rescue teams.

wealth of knowledge, which the project adds to existing information on architectural building types.

Being from the riverine area of the Niger Delta region, where the terrain is difficult and inter-city transport is mostly done by boat, the sense of comfort and security inspired by the project is rather high.

To reduce future insurance claims and compensation to the government and insurance companies.

The desire to create a channel for disaster relief for all disaster victims.

To raise awareness about the importance of disaster management.

1.4 AIMS

To provide a facility that will improve disaster response for a limited time, after which other sources will assist.

To reduce confusion on the part of all personnel involved in disasters.

To improve its role in the rapid deployment of personnel in response to emergencies.

Preventing or reducing the risk of disasters, as well as reducing the severity or consequences of disasters

Rapid and effective disaster response, as well as post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation.

To ensure the survival of the greatest number of victims possible while keeping them in the best possible health under the circumstances.

To re-establish self-sufficiency and essential services for all population groups as soon as possible, with special attention paid to those with the greatest needs: the most vulnerable and underprivileged.

In order to repair

or rebuild damaged infrastructure and revitalize viable economic activities. To do so in a way that contributes to long-term development goals while also reducing vulnerability to future recurrences of potentially harmful hazards.

In cases involving population displacement (due to any type of disaster), the goal is to find long-term solutions as soon as possible, while providing necessary protection and assistance in the meantime.


To construct a structure for disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, relief, and rehabilitation training, as well as to conduct research, documentation, and database development.

Organize disaster management and related conferences/workshops at the state and regional levels.

Developing and encouraging a network of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the state to manage disasters.

to reduce or avoid human, physical, and economic losses suffered by individuals, society, and the country as a whole

To alleviate personal suffering and hasten recovery.


This project provides, to an acceptable level, all of the facilities required in the disaster management center for optimal performance.

to manage disaster. There are provisions for effective disaster control, relief, and rescue through mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.

The project’s scope is limited to the following;

The layout of the Administrative Building

The medical facility

A residential building for staff

Hangar for helicopters

1.10.1  THE SITE:

This project involves the design of a Disaster Management Centre; therefore, due to the amphibiotic nature of its function, the facility would require a site that enhances the marine and land base operations; thus, it is located in the southern section of Port Harcourt. It is also accessible via various pedestrian routes leading from neighboring residential zones. This will be duly respected in the design process.

The site is close to the State Secretariat, the Nigerian Marine Base, the Trans Amadi Industrial Layout, and the Orobum Vimmage (now called Obunabali). Ogbunabali bounded the site on the east, the far north by Trans Amadi Industrial Layout, the west by the Amadi flat and old GRA Residential Quarters, and the far south by the Trans Amadi Industrial Layout.

Marine Base to the south.

The site’s exterior elements include

Parking facilities

Message board


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