It has always been known that cleanliness is second only to godliness and that health is wealth. Health comes from caring for the environment.

As urbanization continues to degrade the environment, the need for good environmental management cannot be overemphasized.

Pollution is a major problem of urbanization, with most of its causes identified as industrial combustion, solid waste generation and oil spill disposal. These causes are unavoidable. You have to control them properly. This project takes a critical look at the state of waste management, with a particular focus on the city of Enugu. The projects required to achieve the program are divided into five chapters.

In Chapter 1, the introductory part of the project, the problem description should relate to solid waste disposal issues, including health hazards, environmental hazards, blockages in drainage systems, etc. All these issues have been intensively discussed in the main studies.

The objectives of this project, which have been addressed in the main project, are the importance of such management and all of the various strategies to curb the excessive generation and management of solid waste, particularly in the market and in Enugu City as a whole. is focused on identifying

The background and needs of the research focus on previous experience with solid waste disposal and related issues to know how to improve the situation thereafter. All this information allows us to formulate a positive or negative hypothesis at the end of the study.

In Chapter 2, the aim of this project is to review some literature on this subject in the form of books, articles, journals, etc. Here, we provide an in-depth review on several related topics such as solid waste treatment, generation, classification and the importance of solid waste treatment. These are expected to be extracted from libraries or other sources.

Chapter 3 focuses on research methodology and design. Here data sources, i.H. primary and secondary sources are highlighted.

Primary sources relate to questionnaires, direct interviews, etc. whereas secondary sources relate to information from libraries, books, magazines, magazines, etc. Some statistical models such as bar charts, pie charts and histograms are used to display this data in a particular way.

Chapter 4 covers data presentation and analysis. Here, collected field data is analyzed and presented in a format to draw analytical conclusions. Statistical analysis techniques are used here to arrive at a scientific statement.

Chapter 5 summarizes the findings of the study, the recommendations that waste management issues in the study area should be addressed, and the conclusions.

table of contents

chapter One


1.1 Problem

1.2 Purpose of the survey

1.3 Background and Necessity of Examination

1.4 Theoretical basis of the course

1.5 Research question

1.6 Scope of investigation

1.6.1 Division

1.6.2 Limitations

1.7 Importance of research

1.8 Survey overview

Chapter 2:

literature review

2.1 Definition of solid waste

2.2 Solid waste

2.3 Properties of solid waste

2.4 Urbanization and waste generation

2.5 Solid waste management strategy

2.6 Importance of waste management

2.7 Waste management issues

Chapter 3


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Re-statement of the problem

3.3 The study area

3.4 Populations and sample size

3.5 Sources of data

3.6 Method of data collection

3.7 Libraries

3.8 Validity/reliability test of instrument


Data Presentation and Analysis

4.1 Data on respondent

4.2 Rate of solid waste generated by the respondents

4.3 Estimation of daily, weekly, monthly and annual generation of solid waste in Akwata area of cities

4.4 Solid waste storage system by the respondent

4.5 Information about ENSEPA


5.0 Findings, Recommendation and conclusion

5.1 Findings

5.2 Recommendation

5.3 Recommended treatment

5.4 Conclusion




Empirical evidence ranks Nigerian as one of the countries world that produces high qualities of solid waste. This phenomenon is predicted on her over increasing population complied with sophistication in taste and demand for domestic and industrial goods by her urban population. The uncontrolled generation and disposal of these wastes have deteriorated our otherwise conducive urban environment. Virtually all cities in Nigeria are characterized by helps or mounting of solid wastes. The health implications of this development on our urban streams, health and socio-economic development leave much to be desired. It is virtually impossible for any society to achieve health, sanitation and sustainable development when solid waste pollution severely impacts its socio-economic, cultural and environmental framework.

Policy makers, opinion leaders, and political players face the unique problem of what to do with the piles of garbage in urban environments every day. Many selected properties have deteriorated significantly due to their proximity to landfills, severely impacting rents and capital values.

The current scenario presents a hopeless situation as virtually all government agencies responsible for waste disposal, especially his ENSEPA, seem to be at a crossroads as to what to do.

1.1 Problem Description

As you know, waste management is a very difficult task. It causes people many problems such as:
– Clogged drains (flooding), congestion, health hazards, unsightly environments.

Moreover, solid waste pollution in urban centers is a serious concern of the international community. All forms of pollution affect our good chains, health, comfort, convenience, property values ​​and living standards. All businesses today are subject to both environmental changes and government efforts to control those changes.

1.2 Purpose of the survey

The main objective of this study is effective waste management to boost the Nigerian economy. Furthermore, this study aims to find out what should be done to reduce the health hazards and increasing threat of solid waste management in urban areas.

1.3 Research Background and Necessity

Urbanization, the purpose of people flocking to cities, has seen a huge surge in recent years. Most cities in Nigeria today have grown into full-fledged cities. The effects of urbanization are unemployment, inadequate social facilities due to excessive pressure on available facilities due to population concentration, an increasing wave of crime, sophistication, and changes in demand and tastes associated with mass consumption of industrial products. revealed in the field. Household items associated with large amounts of solid waste.

The presence of solid waste in urban environments has no impact

1.4 Research rationale

This study builds on his W. Wilkie theory of topical hygiene and hygiene of the upper tier.

From the above perspectives and theories, all major markets benefit from effective waste management packaged to adequately solve the problem of solid wastewater pipes.

1.5 Research question

The following research question was created to guide the research. These include:

1. How do you dispose of solid waste?

2. Are there trash cans in the store?

3. How often do you throw out the trash in a day? 4. Do you separate waste before disposal?

5. Do you have enough equipment and personnel?

6. Are city storage, collection and transportation dumps for individual companies?

7. What is the distance from each store to the landfill?

1.6 Scope of investigation

Research is therefore limited to urban waste management. The scope of the course he is divided into two sections.

a. demarcation

b. Restrictions

1.7 Importance of research

1. The main significance of this study is to contribute in no small way to maintaining an efficient and effective solid waste management system in the study area.

2. It also contributes to improving the environmental conditions of the city. 3. The results of this study will also form the basis for further investigations in this area of ​​research.

4. Finally, it helps prevent, reduce and control illnesses related to solid waste and food poisoning.

1.8 Survey overview

To effectively report this research, he divides it into five chapters:

Chapter 1 describes the problem, purpose of research, background and necessity of research, theoretical basis of research, research topic, scope of research, importance of research, and overview of research. Chapter 2 is literature search. This chapter deals with the perspectives of the relevant literature by environmental and waste management authorities.

Chapter 3, Study Design and Methodology, outlines a step-by-step approach to conducting the study.

Chapter 5 is the research conclusions, recommendations, and conclusions.


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