EFFECTS OF QUAIL (COTURNIX JAPONICA)EGGDIET ON BLOOD SUGAR AND LIPID PROFILELEVELS OF ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC ALBINO RATS

ABSTRACT

Consuming eggs is a common way to get good nutrition, but the unfertilized chicken egg is by far the egg that people eat the most. Quail eggs can help prevent kidney, liver, or gallbladder stones in addition to treating conditions like diabetes, asthma, and tuberculosis. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to ascertain the impact of quail eggs on the lipid profile and blood sugar levels of alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The Association of Official Analytic Chemists (AOAC) methods were used to examine the sample of quail eggs for its various nutritional compositions. Thirty-six (36) alloxan-induced diabetic rats were divided into nine (9) different groups of four (4) rats each, and given varying doses of sixty (60) processed quail eggs and shells using the cooked-dry method. seven (7), fourteen (14) and twenty one (21) day periods, respectively, in the group. Their lipid profiles were assessed using conventional techniques, and histological analyses were performed utilizing the conventional paraffin process technique (tissue processing method). Quail eggs are a good source of protein, lipids, and moisture (15.100.16%, 31.390.26%, and 50.180.25%, respectively), according to the results. Ash and carbohydrate content, however, are very low (1.13 0.09% and 0.65 0.05%, respectively). According to elemental analysis, the shell contains high levels of calcium (3000 mg/100 g), zinc (38.15 mg/100 g), iron (175.40 mg/100 g), phosphorus (120.00 mg/100 g), and magnesium (78.00 mg/100 g). When compared to the insulin-treated rats, the rats treated with two (2) raw quail eggs (2RE) performed best in terms of lowering blood glucose levels and weight gain. Analysis of the blood’s statistics glucose levels at regular intervals (day 7, day 14, and day 21) suggests that quail eggs may be useful for both short- and long-term diabetes treatment. However, quail egg treatment can lower or reduce the level of any risk of diabetic dyslipidemia. Quail egg treatment does not also affect the serum lipid profile of diabetic rats. It is concluded that consuming diets high in leucine and magnesium, like those found in quail eggs, either on their own or as a part of a therapeutic routine, can help prevent and manage type 1 diabetes.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0INTRODUCTION

The growth and development of the human body are influenced by good nutrition. Eating a balanced diet can enhance human health, according to nutritional composition research. The full range of nutrients needed for good health can only be obtained from a variety of foods, including grains, vegetables, fruits, and proteins. For growing children and working adults, the proper ratio of calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals provides energy and a variety of nutrients. Consumption of foods high in fat, sugar, or salt should be restricted because they do not contain essential nutrients. Eating a variety of foods is encouraged by the Child and Adult Care Program (CACFP) meal plan and the US Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service’s Pyramid website.

2005 Nutrition Service

Consuming eggs is a popular way to get good nutrients, but by far the most frequently consumed egg by humans is the chicken egg, which is typically not fertilized (Applegate, 2000). The developing embryo needs proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and growth factors, and the avian egg provides these as well as a number of defense mechanisms to protect against bacterial and viral infection. Additionally, eggs contain compounds with biological properties and activities, such as immune proteins, enzymes, etc. (Hansen et al., 1998; Nowaczewski et al., 2013), which are characterized by anti-adhesive and antioxidant properties, antimicrobial activities, immunomodulatory, anticancer, and antihypertensive activities, protease inhibitors, nutrient bioavailability, and functional lipids. This emphasizes the significance of eggs and therapy (Kovacs-Nolan et al., 2005).

 

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