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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In the Nigerian economy, the notion of wage and salary administration is a critical issue. Wage and salary administration, according to Nwachukwu (2000) and Ogunbameru (2000), is defined as the conception, implementation, and ongoing management of a base pay system. Wage and salary administration, according to Atchison (2003), is focused at providing pay that is both competitive and equitable. In Nigeria, wage and salary administration is governed by policies that are mutually agreed upon by the government and labor. Wages and salaries paid by organizations in the public and private sectors of the economy are governed by this policy. Non-payment of wages and salaries has become a contentious issue in the Nigerian economy in recent years. Some state governments have made noises about the issue. Business and other economic activities have slowed as a result of this trend. Many schoolchildren are impacted by their parents’ failure to pay school fees. The pace of work in the office has decreased, and teachers are not in the classroom on a regular basis. As the rate of antisocial behavior has risen, this has resulted in a multiplier effect. While many families are in significant debt due to non-payment of salary, students wander about. In certain situations, major health problems have arisen, resulting in impairment and premature death. Depression, anxiety, and hostility are all symptoms of this illness. The purpose of this study is to see how non-payment of wage affects depression, anxiety, and violence among Ekiti workers.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Nonpayment of salaries has a huge impact since it promotes depression, anxiety, and hostility. Situations in which employees are owed six months’ pay are pitiful and have serious implications. Workers just vent their restrained rage towards the government and their superiors, resulting in the abandonment of duties and disobedience to commands and rules. Anxiety builds in, causing tension, worry, and physical health issues among the employees. The government and other sectors of the economy are in grave risk if wages and salaries are not paid on a regular basis. It leads to employee dissatisfaction with their jobs and, as a result, a decrease in productivity. Wages and salaries must be fair and equal, according to the wage and salary administration principle. Wages and salaries provide motivation for Nigerian workers, and when they are not paid, labor is removed and despondency sets in. As a result, the study’s problem is to look into the impact of non-payment of salary on depression, anxiety, and hostility among Ekiti workers, utilizing teachers and civil servants as case studies.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major goal of the study is to see how non-payment of salary affects depression, anxiety, and anger in Ekiti workers, using teachers and civil servants as case studies. The study’s particular aims are as follows:

To assess the issue of salary non-payment.
The purpose of this study was to see how non-payment of wages affected workers’ depression, anxiety, and aggression.
The purpose of this study was to see how non-payment of salary affected workers in Ekiti State’s sadness, anxiety, and hostility.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1 What is the problem with non-payment of wages?

2 What effect does non-payment of wages have on employee sadness, anxiety, and aggression?

3 What is the impact of non-payment of salaries on depression, anxiety, and violence among teachers and civil officials in Ekiti State?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Ho1: In Ekiti State, non-payment of wage had no substantial impact on depression, anxiety, or violence among workers.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Using teachers and civil servants as case studies, the study aims to represent the issues faced by Nigerian workers in the event of non-payment of wages and salaries, as well as the effects this has on depression, anxiety, and hostility among workers in Ekiti.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study employs teachers and civil servants as case studies to investigate the impact of non-payment of salary on depression, anxiety, and violence among workers in Ekiti.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The research was hampered by logistical and geographical obstacles.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

DEFINITION OF ANXIETY

It’s a strong feeling, accompanied by anxiety and physical changes.

DEFINITION OF DEPRESSION

Depression is the outcome of frustration directed either at oneself or at another person.

DEFINITION OF WAGE AND SALARY

Wages, sometimes known as salaries, are monetary payments provided to employees.

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