1.1 Background of study

The high rates of poverty, hunger, and malnutrition in developing countries make it difficult for children to fully participate in primary school, motivating international organizations, regional governments, national governments, and nongovernmental organizations to support school feeding programs. Millions of African children go to bed hungry and are frequently involved in labor activities, resulting in only a few years of education for these vulnerable children when compared to children in advanced countries. Sub-Saharan Africa is home to half of the world’s 59 million unschooled children. “Girls are especially vulnerable,” says WFP Chief of Staff James Harvey. Nearly 17 million children in Sub-Saharan Africa are not enrolled in school, and 9.3 million may never enter one.

Poverty, hunger, and malnutrition among African children have prompted the continent’s political leaders to issue a clarion call to address the grave threat posed by the continent’s children. And the most effective way to combat these threats is through school feeding programs. One of the Buhari administration’s social safety net programs is the National Home-Grown School Feeding Programme (NHGSFP), which is administered by the Federal Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management, and Social Development (FMHADMSD). It is part of Vice President Yemi Osinbajo’s Nation Social Investment Programme (NSIP), which was launched in Abuja in 2016.

The primary goal of the NHGSFP is to provide a healthy, balanced lunch to 5.5 million students in public primary schools every school day. In addition, the initiative adds value. chain by employing chefs and ensuring a steady income for small-scale farmers, resulting in a positive ripple effect on the rural economy. The ultimate goal of the Buhari administration’s school feeding program is to increase enrollment rates in Nigeria by decreasing the number of out-of-school children while also addressing early childhood malnutrition. The NHGSFP was designed to serve 5.5 million primary school students; however, it now serves nearly 9 million students through 54,952 public primary schools in 35 states. Each child receives one prepared meal per day. On average, a chef (also known as a “food seller”) prepares meals for around 50 students. To meet the nutritional requirements of the menu, 40 percent of the program’s food budget is spent on protein (poultry, fish).

chicken, and eggs), which are purchased by consolidated farmer groups through regional distribution centers. The remaining 60% is allocated to non-perishable foods such as vegetables and fruit. The NHGSFP has significant socioeconomic development potential and should be strengthened, expanded, and maintained across the country. The initiative’s goal is to increase enrollment by removing out-of-school children from the streets. It provides chefs with work and long-term revenue for farmers who participate in the program.

1.1 Problem statement

The introduction of the School Feeding Programme (SFP) in Nigeria was primarily intended to accomplish this.

The ratio of students enrolled and retained in schools. The program focuses on arid and semi-arid rural and urban areas. The program was based on the universalization of primary education and the elimination of poverty.

by 2015, which are two of the eight millennium development goals adopted at the United Nations summit in 2000. The program also created job opportunities because people were paid to prepare the meals.

Olubayo (2015) investigated the factors influencing the implementation of the School Feeding Programme in Nigerian public primary schools. The study findings revealed a lack of managerial competency, inadequate planning, funding, and accountability in the use of allocated funds. According to Olubayo (2015), managerial competency influences the planning process during the implementation of the School Feeding Programme. Lack of financial investment plans and poor adherence to budget allocation also contributed to the difficulties encountered during the School Feeding Programme’s implementation. He also mentioned the lack of

The implementation of the School Feeding Programme was influenced by monitoring and evaluation systems as well as community participation. These are the difficulties confronting Nigeria’s School Feeding Programme. The study’s findings revealed that poor program management, funding, and competency of program managers, a lack of political will, community participation, and institutional capacity all influenced the School Feeding Programme’s implementation. Munuhe (2014) went on to say that poor management was caused by poor planning, poor coordination, and a lack of control over program implementation. He also stated that mismanagement of funds hampered the program’s successful implementation. The lack of stakeholder involvement is attributed to difficulties encountered during program implementation.

1.2 Study Objective

The following are the study’s objectives:

1. To

investigate the economic benefits of NHGSFP

2. Determine whether the NHGSFP has a negative impact on job creation.

3. To investigate the economic impact of NHGSFP.

1.3 Research problem

This study is guided by the following research question:

1. What are the economic advantages of the NHGSFP?

2. Does the NHGSFP have a negative impact on job creation?

3. What is the economic impact of the NHGSFP on Nigeria?

1.4 Importance of Research

This research will be useful to the government in order to sustain the National Home Growing School Feeding Program and create more job opportunities.

This study will contribute to the existing literature on this topic while also serving as a resource for scholars, researchers, and students.

In the future, you may wish to conduct additional research on this or a related topic.

1.5 Field of study

The purpose of this research is to look into the impact of a national home growing school feeding program on job creation. The study will specifically examine the economic benefit of NHGSFP, whether NHGSFP has a negative effect on job creation, and the impact of NHGSFP on the economy. The research is limited to the state of Kastina. Participants for this study will be recruited from teachers at various primary schools in Kastina state.

1.6 Study Limitations

The researchers faced financial constraints, insufficient materials, and a time constraint during the course of the study.


1.7 Term Definitions

Employment is a relationship between two people that is usually based on a job.

on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, non-profit organization, co-operative, or other entity, is the employer and the other is the employee.

The National Home Grown School Feeding Programme (NHGSFP) is a government-led N70 per day school feeding program that aims to improve the health and educational outcomes of public primary school students.



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