PAINT FACTORY

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

A paint factory or plant is a type of industrial site that typically consists of buildings and machinery, or more commonly, a complex of several buildings, where workers process raw materials into paint. Factories arose as a result of the introduction of machinery during the industrial revolution, when the capital and space requirements for cottage industry and workshops became too great.

Paint is a type of surface coating. It is a relatively opaque solid coating applied as a thin layer, with films typically formed through polymerization of polyunsaturated oil. Surface coatings are further subdivided into varnishes (clear coating), enamels (pigmented varnishes), lacquers (film formed solely by evaporation), printing inks, and polishes. Paints are generally low in thermal conductivity, electrically inert, and washable and cleanable. The various raw materials used in

Pigments, vehicles, alkyd resins, surfactants, solvents (thinners), and coloring agents are all used in the production of paints.

There are two types of paint: acrylic and latex.

Latex-based paints and resin-based paints (gloss finishes) (Emulsion paints). The only difference between the two is the type of vehicle used and the cost.

Resin-based paints are applied to both exterior and interior surfaces and dry to a lustrous or shinny finish.

Emulsion (Latex) paint is an emulsion of two phases, one of which is water and the other is any other phase.

Emulsion is traditionally defined as a suspension of one phase in another. Latex paints contain synthetic resin latex as the primary film-forming constituent, with or without other film-forming constituents added in an oil-water emulsion system. The continuous phase is made up of an

Styrene-butadeux (SBR) copolymer, which was the original quality film former in emulsion paint, is dispersed in water as an alkali-dispersed hydrophobic colloid. As a film former, polyvinyl acetate (PVA), acrylic, and PVA acrylics copolymers have largely replaced SBR.

Resins and latex are created from these to create objects with a wide range of colors and textures found in household goods, building materials, electrical and electronic appliances, automobile and aeronautics, clothing, building structures, and so on. To summarize, it is difficult to imagine modern society without painting (colours).

Paints are used as a finishing material for other materials. They are used to shield metals, wood, and plastered surfaces from the effects of weather, heat, moisture, and gases, among other things, thereby improving their appearance. Paints are used.

Oil, water, cement, and bituminom paints are separated. There are also special paints used for specific purposes, such as heat resistance, fire resistance, chlorinated rubber paint, and so on.

Because of its environmental impact and function, the paint factory is regarded as an important or necessary industry in many countries. Finally, this project (paint factory) will contribute to Makurdi’s facelift as Benue State’s capital, as well as the job opportunities that our teeming youths seek.

 1.2 STATEMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL PROBLEM

It is impossible to solve all architectural problems in an industrial building of this size. However, every building has a general architectural problem that must be solved in order for the design to be realized. However, there are some problems that are unique to individual projects, such as a paint factory.

As a result, the central issue that this project seeks to address is centered on its purpose; a compromise between man and machine. This necessitates a careful flow in the synthesis of:

o Effective work flow

o Making a social statement that reflects the paint factory’s mass production nature. o Publicizing the paint products and making a positive impact on society.

o Demonstrating order and aesthetic appeal.

o Designing Plant transparency to convey the impression of appealing working conditions, efficient production, and painstaking dedication to the excellence of paint products.

 1.3     OBJECTIVES

The primary goal of this project is to provide an environment capable of meeting the needs of the people of Makurdi and Nigeria as a whole by providing them with a well-defined ultra-modern paint factory that will meet their various needs in terms of seeking a solution for good appearance and packaging of good products.

Other goals are as follows:

To design a versatile, adaptable, and flexible form that allows for easy expansion with minimal damage.

To ensure a good production layout with no conflict between raw and finished goods, as well as personnel in circulation.

To design an ideal factory architecture and implement a level of automation in the proposed Nigerian paint factory.

Finally, to assist in the state and federal government’s rural development programs This could be accomplished through industrial development.

1.4 MOTIVATION

Building a house or a commercial space entails more than just erecting a structure on a plot of land. This is due to the fact that you must ensure that your structure maintains its excellent condition so that you can enjoy your investment for a long time. There are many industrial methods that you can use to keep your home or workspace in good condition, but one of the most effective is to have your walls repainted with the appropriate paint.

For decades, the only effective methods for controlling the mosquitos that cause malaria and dengue fever have been nets and sprays. I believe that by introducing the factory, it will place a greater emphasis on protection by inventing a method of protection.

Pesticides are embedded in microcapsules that are stirred into house paints. This insecticide will be released slowly from the paint and will be effective for two to four years, whereas spray is typically reapplied every six months. The paint will act as a house and building vaccine.

The insignificant amount of pesticides released will have no effect on the paint.

The establishment of a paint factory in Makurdi will help to improve the efficiency of other nearby manufacturing industries, such as textiles.

Most industries manufacture steel and aluminum building cladding.

Manufacturers of fishing fleets for yatch, small boats, and craft.

For the entire furniture and plywood industries

Protective coating for most petrochemical plants

For all types of vessels that visit Nigerian ports.

Drums are used by manufacturers of refrigeration, bicycles, and other household items.

For the construction industry, for example

As a result, one should recognize that this material is used in a variety of industries, and that such a service industry should be established to facilitate the spread of others.

Finally, I hope to raise awareness of the service industry in Nigeria, which is what prompted me to propose this project.

 1.5 AIMS

The ultimate goal of this project is to design a functional, simple, appealing, economical, orderly, flexible, safe, and convenient industrial building – paint factory.

And, in order to meet the objectives’ key words, the following are unavoidable:

To achieve an effective and efficient factory design while keeping flexibility, adaptability, and versatility of the building structures in mind. As a result, the goal is to realize a purely functional planning with the specific goal of ensuring smooth and efficient operation.

of the different machineries, the administration of the complex and the overall production.

To develop a system that will allow operational and administrative personnel to work in an efficient and pleasant environment.

To provide an efficient circulation system between the factory’s individual units and within the layout

As a result, raw materials can be moved and assembled more easily, and finished products can be distributed more easily.

To improve worker efficiency by designing an aesthetically pleasing industrial architecture.

To represent the intended use of the factory, which will take the form of a product advertisement.

There will be a shift from the traditional approach that emphasizes mass to a more modern approach that emphasizes lines and planes (volume).

1.6     SCOPE OF WORK

The factory will manufacture paints and other paint products on a mass production basis. It will also include four major industrial building paints;

Conduct research

Manufacturing is a type of manufacturing.

Administration and management

Good health.

The laboratory and library are used in the research to investigate and recommend possible methods of producing better products and raw materials.

According to the manufacturing process, the manufacturing section includes: dispersion, mixing, sieving, and canning.

Offices, personnel, and sales are all part of the administration, while

The factory cline and staff canteen are located in the welfare section.

Other components include the maintenance block, staff products, delivery and visitation bays and yards, and so on.

  1.7 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Some research activities had been carried out and data collected through to truly collect important information towards the realization of this project and to make an important contribution to Architecture.

Visits to existing paint factories on the project’s site to determine their production processes, organizational chart, and the requirements and conditions to be met in the establishment of such factory.

Use of libraries, research institutes, books, journals, and unpublished thesis report manuscripts.

Visits to relevant government establishments, such as the ministry of commerce and industry, to collect data, bylaws, history, and other pertinent information.

Some people were interviewed in person.

The internet.

  1.8     LIMITATION OF RESEARCH

Due to the scarcity of standard paint factories in Nigeria, one is limited to conducting research with small-scale private paint factories.

It was discovered during research with private factories that the factories were overly protective of their surroundings. They were concerned that their competitors would gain access to the research information and use it against them. Some of those who helped discourage photography.

Because the country is not at peace due to Boko Haram and other threats, the factories are aware while also attempting to protect their lives and properties.

In Nigeria, materials on paint factories are scarcely available in libraries, research institutes, records, and documents.

 1.9 IMPORTANCE OF THE PROJECT

The significance or breaks that this project hopes to achieve are as follows:

To provide a comprehensive setting for the Nigerian paint industry in order to help the economy achieve technological and industrial independence.

To provide employment opportunities for the growing labor force.

It will help to save foreign exchange by providing goods that would otherwise be purchased abroad.

1.10     HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF FACTORY

The factory began with a shop-connected residence, as in Ancient Egypt, and progressed to open-air workshops and the home industry, as in Greece. Then, some specialized crafts and trades, such as metal smiting, carpentry, pottery, and shoe making, were home industries, with operations taking place in dwelling houses.

 

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