The Zika virus is widely acknowledged as one of the world’s most lethal illnesses, having claimed the lives of some of its victims in various parts of the globe. The influence of knowledge and perceived vulnerability on perceived controllability among Nigerian custom officers was investigated in this study. The survey included 500 custom officers from the border areas of Seme (Lagos State), Idiroko (Ogun State), and Jibia (Kastina State). A standardized questionnaire was used to collect data, which included the Zika Knowledge Scale, Perceived Vulnerability Scale, and Perceived Controllability Scale. The Pearson correlation analysis, linear regression analysis, one-way analysis of variance, and t-test statistic were used to examine the data gathered. The findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between zika knowledge and perceived controllability (r=0.198; p0.05) but no significant relationship between perceived vulnerability and perceived controllability (r=-0.042, p>0.05); there were no educational differences in perceived vulnerability (F=4.12; p>0.05), perceived controllability (F=7.36; p>0.05), and zika knowledge (F=2.11; p>0.05) among respondents. In addition, it was discovered that perceived controllability differed by gender (t=2.39; p0.05). According to the findings, Nigerian public health officials should continue to improve awareness among reproductive-age women about the danger of Zika virus infection from travel, allowing them to make more educated decisions.

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