Banditry refers to armed robberies or related violent crimes such as abduction, livestock rustling, and hamlet or market invasions. It entails the use of force, or the threat of force, to frighten a person or a group of people in order to rob, rape, or kill them (Okoli and Okpaleke 2014). Banditry is motivated by economic or political factors. According to (Babalola, 2009), banditry denotes the incidence or prevalence of armed robbery or violent crime. It entails the use of force, or the threat of force, to frighten someone in order to rob, rape, or kill them. Banditry is a heinous crime against humanity. It has been a prevalent genre of crime, as well as a source of violence in modern society.

The prevalence of banditry

Nigeria appears to have been high and rising over the years. “Crime against persons, including murder, rape, and robbery, has increased in magnitude and viciousness in Nigeria since 1999,” according to (Babalola, 2009). This is demonstrated by the pervasiveness of armed robbery in the country, which parallels the African experience. Car snatching, house and office robbery, and traveler deception are all common types of armed robbery in African countries. Their prevalence has been increasing since the beginning of the African crises in the 1980s.

According to (Kpela, 2005), kidnappings are on the rise in Nigeria, with the kidnapping of the Chibok girls setting the trend. The terrifying kidnapping of 276 Chibok schoolgirls in

Boko Haram, an Islamist extremist organization, stunned the world in 2014. The sheer number of children abducted, as well as the ease with which Boko Haram carried out its raid, shocked the international community and sparked international outrage. However, given the recent spate of mass school abductions, the Chibok girls’ ordeal is no longer an outlier. In the last three months, more than 800 students have been abducted in mass abductions at four boarding schools in northwest Nigeria, far from Boko Haram’s heartland in the northeast. School kidnappings and other forms of banditry have been a source of concern and a threat to the academic world, particularly to university academic staff (Kpela, 2005).

Academic staff, according to Ozurumba and Amasuomo (2015), is a group of people who work in universities.

Work at an institute and handle administrative duties. Staff members include accountants, assistants, counselors, a secretary, an office boy, a security team, a clerk, a registrar, and a dean. It also includes those who help with maintenance and other responsibilities at the institute.

Staff members at educational institutions frequently have a diverse set of educational backgrounds and responsibilities. The administration is held to the highest standard of accountability. These individuals are in charge of the overall management of the establishment. In order to make the institute’s operations more efficient and manageable, a number of people are hired as junior staff who follow orders from higher-ups. Staff members’ working hours are more consistent than faculty members’. Staff members are typically the

The first person to arrive at the institute.

The importance of education has been sufficiently debated in a variety of forums and publications (Nwanne- Nzewunwa, 2009; Ojukwu and Nwanma, 2015 and Ojukwu and Onuoha, 2016; Ossat, 2012). Recognizing the importance of child education, the Federal Republic of Nigeria declared in its 1999 constitution that every Nigerian child, regardless of gender, tribe, religion, or race, has the right to an education. It stands to reason that the high ideal of education enshrined in the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria would be realized in a peaceful and conducive educational environment. According to Lehr (2004), the lofty goals of education can never be realized in a vacuum. They would be completed in a welcoming and peaceful educational setting.

Students and teachers are likely to be discouraged if there is a sense of insecurity both inside and outside the school, which may impair students’ academic performance.


According to (Nkpodia 2001), insecurity is a major source of concern in today’s Nigerian education. Insecurity at tertiary institutions, particularly universities, is a societal issue that cannot be overstated or ignored because of the far-reaching implications and negative consequences for education, the economy, and society in general. It is a serious issue that Nigerians must address. Efforts should be made to create a society that is strong, just, democratic, and equal. Although the issue of insecurity has piqued the public’s interest over the years, it appears that interest in resolving the insecurity equation has waned.

is dwindling, and when it is addressed, little emphasis appears to be placed on the heinous socioeconomic, political, and spiritual consequences.

According to (Babalola 2009), insecurity is a major concern that affects humanity today. Insecurity issues are so pervasive that they dominate the news in every mass communication medium around the world. According to (Idoko 2021), as cited in, suspected gunmen broke into the University of Abuja (UNIABUJA) staff quarters and kidnapped a professor of Economics, Obansa Joseph, two of his children, and other university workers whose names have yet to be established. Cases like this, as well as the persistent harassment of university academic staff by bandits, have been difficult for the academic world to swallow.

Nigeria in general.


The purpose of this research is to look into the effects of banditry on the security of academic staff at Nigerian universities. Other goals of this research include:

1. Determine the causes of banditry in Nigeria.

2. To investigate the effects of banditry on university academic staff.

3. To discuss the effects of banditry on student security in tertiary institutions.

4. To investigate the link between banditry and the rise of insecurity in Nigerian universities.


1) What are the root causes of banditry in Nigeria?

2) What are the effects of banditry on university academic staff?

3) What are the consequences of banditry for students in tertiary institutions?

4) What is the connection between banditry and the increase in insecurity in Nigerian universities?


This study will be extremely beneficial to university staff because they will be able to understand the effects of banditry on the university. It will also be beneficial to students because they will see the effects of banditry on society and be discouraged from engaging in it. This research will also assist concerned institutions in making necessary changes and enacting laws to help curb banditry and its components, and possibly eradicate it from society.

Finally, this study will be archived as a resource for future reference and research.


This research

focuses on determining the effects of banditry on the security of academic staff at Nigerian universities. It will also investigate the effects of banditry on student security in tertiary institutions.

This study will delve deeper into the effects of banditry on academic staff. Staff from the University of Abuja will be enrolled in this study.


Because the effects of banditry on the security of academic staffs at universities vary depending on geographical location, cultural beliefs, and social tendencies, the findings of this study cannot be applied to any other university in Nigeria or the world as a whole.

This study does not provide any recommendations.

This study’s limitation is the lack of solutions to the rise of banditry.

This study will only look at academic staff and no other groups of people.


Banditry is a type of organized crime committed by outlaws that usually involves the threat or use of violence.

Security is defined as the absence of danger or threat.

Academic personnel are those who are hired to do research and teach.


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