chapter One



1.1 Research background

It is a paradox that Nigeria is a rich country with poor people. According to recent research, their poverty profile in statistics shows that Nigeria is endemic poverty. Poverty incidence increased between 1980 and 1985 and between 1992 and 1996. The trend also shows that poverty rates fell significantly between 1985 and 1992 and between 1996 and 2004. Population growth in 2004 roughly matched the increase in poverty since 1980. Poverty rates are higher in rural areas and 63.3% and 43.2% in urban areas. The trends in poverty levels by zone show that in the north of the country, the Northeast Zone has higher poverty rates, followed by the Northwest and North Central.

Population growth of over 160 million, 3.2% population growth, 5.3% unemployment, 5.7% real GDP growth, 4.31% oil sector growth, 8.93% non-oil sector growth and 8.50% inflation and about half of the total population (68.7 million) live below the poverty line (Ladan, 2002).

Corruption in government procurement and financial management is a real area of ​​corruption. Each state has to procure goods and services at different times. Encouragement of this contractual practice by officials to disclose the situation to those interested in bidding leads to situations in which honest bidders are betrayed by shrewd allies. The bidding process favors the underperformers and the final product suffers from mediocre handling. Preferred bidders often later request an upward adjustment to the contract price. The end result is higher building costs and often poorer construction. Transparency and objective standards should guide the financial management of public procurements, contracts and other public finances. All information relating to tenders or contracts shall be made available to all persons interested in tender preparation, tender consultation, and consultation with funders, architects, structural engineers, and other advisors. I need to be able to submit an offer. Critical time should be reasonable. Many potential bidders have been cut short by tight preparation times, hasty evaluations resulting in non-fulfillment of contracts, or evaluations resulting in non-fulfillment of contracts, or poor performance or work on demolition sites. couldn’t even do it. This is very common in developing countries. The site is littered with unfinished projects from the first rush of bids. This is the full disclosure of all material facts to facilitate the procurement process and eliminate insider whistleblowing, insider trading and other malicious conduct.

1.2 Problem Description

Corruption in public procurement of goods and services and administration of government contracts has hampered all efforts by the federal government to implement the 2007 Procurement Act. The corruption problem begins when contractors are invited to bid for government contracts (Eziokw, 2008).

Legal evaluation of contracts (by ministries’ bidding bodies), a mandatory process that all contractors applying for government contracts must go through, is not as effective as it should be. Despite legal scrutiny of contractors and contracts, there are still cases of abandoned projects, elephant projects and poorly performing projects. All of these issues point to loopholes in our legal system and high rates of nepotism and favoritism in our procurement system.

1.4 Research question


To achieve the above goals, researchers created the following research agenda.

1. What challenges does the Ministerial Bidding Commission face in evaluating and bidding contracts in Nigeria?

2. What specific role has the Ministerial Bid Board (MTB) played in promoting a transparent and efficient bidding system in Nigeria?

3. What impact did the legal evaluation of the contract and tender have on the outcome of the project?

1.5 Research hypothesis

For this study, the following null and alternative hypotheses were formulated.

1. Ho:
The Ministerial Tender Board (MTB) has not carried out its duties effectively due to government interference and favoritism.

The Ministerial Tender Board (MTB) has effectively carried out its duties without government interference or favoritism.

2. Ho:
Deficiencies in the contract offer legal evaluation process are responsible for low quality construction projects in Nigeria.

Deficiencies in the contract offer legal evaluation process are responsible for low quality construction projects in Nigeria.




1.6 Importance of research

This study provides insight into the various challenges faced by contractors in the bidding/tendering process for public procurement. These lofty challenges allow governments and other stakeholders to help develop a level playing field where small and medium-sized contractors can fight contracts effectively without fear. The research will also go a long way in recommending some policies that will enable governments to implement policies that make the bidding process more transparent and effective. 1.7 Scope of investigation

Using the example of the Ministerial Tendering Board (MTB) of the Federal Ministry of Home Affairs in Abuja, the study deals with the role of legal review in the tendering of Nigerian companies.

1.8 Research Limitations

Some were hesitant to answer the survey, and few didn’t understand how to answer it correctly. Certain critical improvement issues are largely ignored.

The researchers were unable to see all teachers, non-academic staff, and students share their thoughts on the subject because of the population’s busy schedules.

1.9 Definition of terms

1. Legal Matters:
Permissible or enforceable by violating national law and public order. It was not considered illegal. See also legal and legal.

Second law:
Law is a term that does not have a generally accepted definition, but one definition is that law is a system of rules and guidelines enforced by social institutions to regulate behavior. Laws are made by governments, especially legislatures.

3. finance:
This is a study of how people distribute wealth over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. A key financial issue that influences decision-making is the time value of money. This indicates that a unit of currency today is worth more than the same unit of currency tomorrow. Finance aims to value assets based on their level of risk and expected return. Finance can be divided into three subcategories.
public finances, corporate finances, personal finances.

Four. bid:
An RFP is a formal, structured invitation to suppliers to submit bids for the supply of products or services. In the public sector, such processes are mandated and detailed by law to ensure that such competition for the use of public funds is open, fair and free from bribery and nepotism. There are cases.

5. Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, and managing resources to achieve specific goals. A project is a time-limited undertaking with a defined starting point


Leave a Comment