Chapter One


1.1 Background to the Study  

Technology in the classroom has changed how students learn beyond teacher instruction and textbooks, as well as how teachers assess students. Technology increases student involvement. If instructors can teach the same subjects in novel ways, this technology has the potential to provide alternative opportunities and simulations to make learning more engaging. Teachers, for example, use a variety of instructional systems and apps to diversify their instruction. Teaching variations encourage the learning process and participation, which can be difficult to achieve in a traditional classroom. Teachers can use technology to improve their lesson preparation techniques and provide collaborative activities with students or peers.

Technology encourages individual learning and reflection, and children may develop important life skills (Mua K.2016).

Teachers can provide tailored instruction.

Learning that is tailored to the needs of different student learning styles and abilities. However, this change may take time and a significant amount of technical and pedagogical expertise (Ndongfack, M. 2015).

Technology has now broken down geographical barriers. An instructor may have students from all over the world in virtual classrooms. Teachers and students can quickly connect via phones, Skype, and other devices, allowing for the use of many creative platforms in teaching and learning. It appears difficult, if not impossible, to discuss excellent education without mentioning ICT. Because of its unique ability to connect the world, even the most remote and impoverished areas, ICT is regarded as one of the pillars upon which excellent education for all can be built. become a reality. The goal of using ICT in education from the beginning was to shift the teaching and learning process away from the traditional instructional teacher-centered endeavor and toward a learner-centered approach with active participation of the learner coach. As a result, it became the teacher’s responsibility to arrange the classroom and provide students with additional options and control over their learning, as outlined in her lesson plan. A lesson plan is a road map for a teacher to follow while teaching. It generally consists of the objective (what students should learn), how the objective will be attained (the method of delivery and process), and a technique to assess how well the objective was met (usually via homework assignments or testing). It is a detailed description of a lesson’s teaching path or “learning trajectory” A teacher develops a daily lesson plan to aid in class learning. Details may differ depending on the teacher’s preferences, the material being taught, and the needs of the students. The use of technology, on the other hand, transforms the lesson preparation process into something akin to curriculum design. The primary distinction is in how students learn skills and information. Technology also has an impact on how people use and demonstrate their newly acquired skills and knowledge. It also helps with learning assessment and evaluation. The incorporation of computer usage affects the basic framework of a lesson plan. As a result, the goal of this study is to look into the impact of technology in the classroom.


1.2 Research Problems Statement
AToday, technology is the most powerful force shaping the educational landscape. Many schools are showing their support for increased levels of technology in the classroom by providing hardware such as tablets and computers, improving internet connectivity, and implementing computer literacy programs for both teachers and students. Although teachers generally recognize the benefits of educational technologies, they frequently find it difficult to integrate new educational technologies in a smooth and effective manner, which discourages them from incorporating technology into their lesson planning process. While most teachers are resistant to technological change, this is due to a lack of exposure to modern facilities or a misunderstanding of the significance of using these technologies in the teaching-learning process.

process. From the acquisition of new technology equipment to the adaptation of curricula and teaching techniques to incorporate new educational tools, technology integration presents significant challenges to educators at all levels of school systems. However, teachers must transition from the traditional method of lesson planning to the incorporation of technology, which cannot be overstated in the twenty-first century. Teachers can use technology to help them create lessons that allow fast-paced students to delve deeper into the subject or explore related topics while giving slower students more time to grasp the material. As a result, this set is intended to look into the role of technology in lesson planning.

1.3 The Study’s Objective

The primary goal of this research is to investigate the role of

Technology in the classroom. It is specifically designed to achieve the following goals:

1. To investigate the various types of technology that teachers can incorporate into lesson plans.

2. Research the roles of educational technologies in lesson planning.

3. Determine the frequency with which secondary school teachers use educational technology during lesson planning.

4. Determine whether the use of educational technology during lesson planning improves learning outcomes.

1.4 Research Issues

1. What are the various types of technology that teachers can incorporate into lesson plans?

2. What roles do educational technologies play in lesson planning?

3. What is the rate at which teachers in secondary schools use educational technology during lesson planning?

4. Does using educational technology during lesson

Does planning improve learning outcomes?

1.5 Importance of the Research

This study will be extremely useful to teachers, school owners, educational stakeholders, and the government. The study will enlighten teachers to begin seeing ICT as a better tool to enhance their pedagogical practices, and thus there is a need for them to incorporate it for continuous professional development. The study will enable school owners to train their teachers on the use of educational technologies and make those technologies available to them to aid in lesson planning. The study will enlighten stakeholders and the government to consider completely transforming their national curriculum framework to incorporate the use of ICT throughout the domain.

1.6 The Study’s Scope

The scope of this research is limited to the role of technology in lesson planning. It will look at the various types of technology that teachers can incorporate into their lesson plans. It will determine how frequently secondary school teachers use educational technology during lesson planning. It will look into whether or not using educational technology during lesson planning improves learning outcomes.

1.7 Study Restrictions

During the course of this research, the following factors pose a limitation.

Financial constraint- Inadequate funds tend to impede the researcher’s efficiency in locating relevant materials, literature, or information, as well as in the data collection process (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will conduct this study alongside other academic work. This has as a result

will reduce the amount of time spent on research.

Respondent Unwillingness: Because this is a very sensitive study, most of the respondents were unwilling to accept the instrument, while only a few educated and enlightened people accepted the questionnaire and responded accordingly.

1.8 Terms Definition

A lesson plan is a daily guide for a teacher to what students need to learn, how it will be taught, and how learning will be measured. Lesson plans assist teachers in being more effective in the classroom by providing a detailed outline for each class period.

Technology is the collection of techniques, skills, methods, tools, and machines that can be used by humans.

Educational technology is the combination of technology and education.

To facilitate learning, computer hardware, software, educational theory, and practice are used.

Learning outcomes are statements that describe the knowledge or skills that students should have at the end of a specific assignment, class, course, or program and help students understand why that knowledge and those skills will be useful to them.



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