SANITATION PRACTICES AND IMPLICATION ON STUDENTS HEALTH

(Case Study Of Enugu State College Of Education (Technical) Enugu)

ABSTRACT
The impact of sanitation practices on student health at Enugu State College of Education (Technical) has been the desire of every right thinking person for the good health of both students and lecturers at the above school. The goals of this study are to look into the effects of poor sanitation practices on students’ health in ESCET, as well as the dangers and strategies that could be used to combat poor sanitation in ESCET. One hundred questionnaires were distributed to the respondents, who correctly answered five research questions, each of which focused on the formulated. For data analysis, a descriptive statistic based on the mean was used. Their research found that poor sanitation practices are caused by a lack of regular cleaning, poor environmental planning, and illiteracy. The The study concluded with the recommendation that the school administration hire laborers, provide facilities, and create an environment. The researchers believed that implementing all of these measures would improve sanitation practices in the school, thereby improving student health.
CHAPTER ONE

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:-

The World Health Organization defines sanitation as the collection and disposal of excreta and community liquids and waste in a sanitary manner. People have been suffering from one disease to another without knowing the problems of their illness, the situation, and due to distress or a dirty environment, in order not to endanger their health and welfare, as well as the social and environmental effects it may have on people. Cleanliness is second only to Godliness.
Similarly, Iheke (2010) defines sanitation as the process of keeping places clean and sanitary, particularly by providing a sewage system and safe drinking water. Sanitation encompasses all conditions that have an impact on the health of people in a given geographic area. Billions of people continue to live without access to sanitation facilities. They are unable to perform such basic hygienic practices as washing their hands with soap and water.
Many people die as a result of diseases caused by poor sanitation and water availability, such as cholera, diarrhea, malaria, and typhoid, which damage body tissues. Children are the most vulnerable to health hazards and, as a result, suffer the most. In 1998, 2.2 million people died as a result of poor sanitation, the vast majority of whom were children.
Environmental sanitation was defined by the World Health Organization’s expert committee on environmental sanitation in 1950 as the control of community, water supplies, excreta and waste water disposal, refuse disposal, vector of diseases, housing conditions, food supplies and handling conditions, food supplies and atmospheric conditions, and workplace safety. Environmental issues, in particular, have become more complex. with the advert of radiation and chemical hazards. Meanwhile, as a result of rapid population growth and high expectations, the global demand for basic sanitation services (such as drinking water supply, excreta and waste water disposal) has skyrocketed.
Water supply has received considerable attention in institutions, but excreta and waste disposal have received less attention. Everywhere in Enugu State College of Education (Technical) is littered with pure water polythene, pieces of paper, and other waste that has not been properly disposed of. In order to draw attention to these issues. Sanitation should be done on a daily basis to keep the environment clean by hiring laborers to help keep the school clean. Environments should be created in order to eliminate dangerous animals such as A snake, a scorpion, and so on.
Overcrowding is a problem in school hostels, and it has an impact on the health of the students. Over 200 students share four (4) restrooms. The majority of the girls in the hostel have insufficient sanitation facilities. With this premise in mind, the researchers hope to discover the impact of sanitation practices on the health of students at Enugu State College of Education (Technical). Inadequate sanitation and water in schools endangers both students’ health and attendance. If there is no sanitation, girls in particular are likely to be kept out of school.
Seminars should be held in institutions to help educate students, particularly girls in hostels, about menstrual hygiene, sanitation and hygiene practices, and environmental cleanliness. to make everything more conducive to

Teaching and learning, as well as a lack of skills, have hampered the educational prospects of the hostel’s female residents. Flies peck on dirt, toilets, and uncovered foods, all of which are hazardous to human health.

1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENTS:
Pest control and waste disposal had become a problem in our environment as a result of poor sanitation practices. Many people die as a result of diseases caused by poor sanitation and water availability, such as cholera, diarrhea, malaria, and typhoid, which damage body tissues.
However, it is unclear to what extent school administration and student union government (SUG) have helped to reduce poor sanitation practices. The goal of this research is to determine the strategies that could be used to

Students should be provided with facilities to reduce dirtiness.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:
The goal of this research is to determine the impact of sanitation practices on student health at Enugu State College of Education (technical). The purpose of this study was to: 1. Identify the causes of poor sanitation practices on the health of students at Enugu State College of Education (Technical)
2. Determine the extent to which the school administration has contributed to the provision of facilities to improve sanitation practices at Enugu State College of Education (Technical) Enugu.
3. Determine the strategies that could be used to reduce dirtiness at Enugu State College of Education (Technical).

1.4 THE STUDY’S IMPORTANCE
The study’s findings will help students at Enugu State College of Education. to better comprehend and cultivate a clean environment, because cleanliness is second only to Godliness. The discovery will benefit the following people:
The students should be aware of the importance of hygiene or health practices, because cleanliness is second only to Godliness and also allows for good health. If students practice sanitation, sickness and disease will be reduced.
To the school administration: The findings will assist the school administration in providing adequate facilities that will allow the laborers to keep the environment clean and tidy, as well as providing funds for the purchase of disinfectants and antiseptics, as well as paying the laborers.
Government:- The findings will assist the government in developing policies that will allow students to follow environmental regulations and keep the environment clean.

They also act as a liaison between management and students.

1.5 QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
The researchers developed the following research questions in order to find answers to the study’s objective.
1. What are the consequences of poor sanitation practices on the health of students at Enugu State College of Education (Technical)?
2. What are the health risks of poor sanitation practices at Enugu State College of Education (Technical) Enugu?
3. What are some strategies for improving sanitation at Enugu State College of Education (Technical) Enugu?

1.6 STUDY OBJECTIVES
The study’s scope was limited to determining the impact of sanitation practices on student health in schools, particularly those in hostels at Enugu State College of Education (Technical) (Technical).

 

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