chapter One


1.1 Research background

Community strife has been a common phenomenon in the world’s developing countries, including Nigeria, for many years. Ethnic and religious differences, tribal and land disputes, and border adjustments are the causes of these. Ethnic groups refer to groups of people who share a common sociocultural identity, such as language, beliefs, religion, and cultural characteristics, Boaten (2000).

An ethnic group is thus a social construct characterized by the characteristics (such as language and culture) of its border communities (Nnoli (1980)). In other words, an ethnic group represents a category of people whose members are anchored to a particular territory, characterized by cultural symbols such as language, value systems, and normative behavior (Otite (1990)). In fact, the word ethnic comes from the Greek word ethnos, meaning a group of people who share a common and distinctive culture. In its classical sense, ethnicity refers to members of a particular group, Immovige (2003). Thus, according to Immovige, ethnicity should be viewed as a sense of belonging to a particular cultural or linguistic group, or as a manifestation of ethnic consciousness in relation to other groups. arises from the pursuit of various interests, goals, and aspirations by individuals or groups in diverse social and physical environments (Otite (1999)). As seen in the literature, ethnic conflict derives its rationale and construction from perceived sociocultural differences.

Indeed, Otite (1990) presents a picture of ethnicity as contextual discrimination between group members and other members, based on a differentiated system of sociocultural symbols. It affirms that ethnicity has the characteristics of shared group consciousness and identity, and group exclusivity, on which social discrimination is practiced. As such, violent and unresolvable conflicts arise.

1.2 Statement Issues

This study examines the role of mass media in crisis management, with particular reference to Anambra Broadcasting Service, Awka (ABS).

Investigating community crises and the role of the media is usually difficult, if not impossible. This study examines the role of mass media in crisis management. 1.3 Purpose of the survey

1. Study the causes of community crises in Nigeria

2. Know the effectiveness of mainstream media reporting on community crises through ABS Awka.

3. Understand some of the issues that affect mainstream media coverage

community crisis

Four. How to examine the role of the mass media in dealing with community crises?

5. How has the mass media improved relations between American people?


1.4 Research question

1. What are the root causes of the community crisis in Nigeria? 2. How effective is the mass media in reporting on community crises?

3. Are there any issues that mass media coverage of community crises is not good at?

Four. How can the mass media help deal with communal crises?

5. How has the mass media improved relations between people in the community?

1.5 Scope of Investigation.

The scope of this study lies in the subject of research work. The scope of research is limited to joint disputes. It is impossible to cover all conflicts that have occurred in Nigeria. However, despite its limitations, the findings of the study are generalizable, leaving it up to researchers to delve into these municipalities of Anambra Litate (Newi South).

1.6 Validity of research

This study will help both media practitioners and mass communication students learn about the challenges and role of the mass media in crisis management. The study will benefit governments by learning from the public opinion of respondents about the strategies they need to adopt to reduce community conflict in order to recognize the pain people are experiencing.

Academically, the course expands academic research knowledge for future researchers.

This will also help other researchers to further explore other aspects that may not be covered in this study.

1.7 Definition of terms

This is the function or responsibility required of the mass media.

Mass media:
These are the means of communication with dispersed and diverse audiences used in Nigeria’s war on terrorism. crisis:
This is the chaos that hit Nigeria after the 2011 general election.

This is a media move to bring peace to the country when violence erupted over the announcement of the 2011 presidential election results.

Leave a Comment